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Federal Circuit Court Cases
1871 - 2004

Citing "Cigarettes," "Smoking" or "Tobacco"

Index by Decade
1870's 1880's 1890's 1900's 1910's 1920's 1930's
1940's 1950's 1960's 1970's 1980's 1990's 2000's

1. U.S. v Quantity of Tobacco, 27 Fed Cas 639 (#16,104) (Circ Ct, 1871). SCB: #16,105 (business practices case)

2. Cohn v Spalding, 24 F 19 (CA 7, Ill, 26 May 1885) (tax case)

3. Carson v Ury, 39 F 777; 5 LRA 614 (CA Mo, 2 Sep 1889) (business practices case alleging fraudulent label)

4. Castro v Seeberger, 40 F 531 (CA 7, Ill, 1890) aff'd 153 US 32; 14 S Ct 766; 38 L Ed 624 (1894) (tax case)

5. Sheldon and Castro v U. S., 5 CCA 282; 55 F 818 (CA 7, Ill, 11 Feb 1893) (tax case, classification of tobacco scraps)

6. In re Blumlein, 5 CCA 142; 55 F 383 (CA 2, NY, 18 April 1893). SCB: 49 F 228 (leaf tobacco tax case)

7. United States v Rosenwald, 67 F 323 (CA 2, 5 March 1895) (leaf tobacco tax case)

8. Bonsack Machine Co v Elliott and National Cigarette & Tobacco Co, 69 F 335 (CA 2, 28 June 1895) (patent infringement case) SCB: 63 F 835

9. Garrett v T. H. Garrett & Co, 24 CCA 173; 78 F 472 (CA 6, 8 Dec 1896) (business practices case, alleging imitative labels and wrongful use of trade name)

10. US v Schroeder, 33 CCA 376; 93 F 448 (CA 2, NY, 1 March 1899). SCB: 87 F 201 (tax case)

11. Rickard v Du Bois, 103 F 868 (CA 2, Conn, 25 July 1900) (patent application rejected for alleged fraudulent intent). SCB: 97 F 96

12. Adams v Northern Pac Ry Co, 54 CCA 196; 116 F 324 (CA 9, Wash, 19 May 1902) rev 192 US 440; 24 S Ct 408; 48 L Ed 513 (smoker killed by fall from train)

13. Whitwell, Joseph P v Continental Tobacco Co, 125 F 454 (CA 8, Minn, 12 Nov 1903) (conspiracy in restraint of trade case)

14. Continental Tobacco Co v Larus Bro Co, 66 CCA 557; 133 F 727 (CA 4, Va, 15 Nov 1904) (trade case, alleging infringement by confusing illiterates)

15. A. Santaella & Co v Otto F. Lange Co, 84 CCA 145; 155 F 719 (CA 8, Iowa, 17 June 1907) (cigar salesman termination case)

16. G. Falk & Bro and American Cigar Co v US, 146 F 484 (CA 2, NY, 17 Jan 1906) rev 204 US 143; 27 S Ct 191; 51 L Ed 411 (7 Dec 1907). SCB: 145 F 574 (tax case)

17. Werckmeister v American Tobacco Co, 74 CCA 682; 144 F 1023 (CA 2, 4 April 1906). SCB: 138 F 162 (copyright infringement case)

18. American Tobacco Co v Werckmeister, 76 CCA 647; 146 F 375 (4 April 1906) (copyright infringement case)

19. United States v American Tobacco Co, 191 F 371 (15 Nov 1911). SCB: 164 F 700

20. United Cigarette Machine Co v Wright, 193 F 1023 (CA 4, NC, 12 March 1912). SCB: 132 F 195; 156 F 244

21a. Locker v American Tobacco Co, 194 F 232 (22 Jan 1912) (Litigants can show as part of the evidence in his/her own case, the guilt of others linked to the current defendant, in showing a pattern.)

21b. Locker v American Tobacco Co, 218 F 447 (CA 2, 10 Nov 1914) (a law violation is not proof of harm per se to a private individual)

22. M. B. Fahey Tobacco Co v Senior, 164 CCA 495; 252 F 579 (CA 3, Penn, 27 July 1918). SCB: 247 F 809 (copyright and trademark case")

23. Adams v Southern Bell Telephone & Telegraph Co, 295 F 586 (CA 4, So Carolina, 5 Feb 1924)

24. Beech Nut Packing Co v P. Lorillard Co, 7 F2d 967 (CA 3, NJ, 11 Sep 1925). SCB: 299 F 834.

25. American Tobacco Co v FTC, 9 F2d 570 (CA 2, J. Manton, 20 Oct 1925) (unfair trade case). SCB: 283 F 999

26. Doscher v Query, 21 F2d 521 (ED South Carolina, 15 Aug 1927) (tax case)

27. Porto Rican-American Tobacco Co v American Tobacco Co, 30 F2d 234 (CA 2, PR, 7 Jan 1929) cert den 279 US 858 (1929) (monopoly issue, predatory pricing, dumping below cost in Puerto Rico to undercut Competition)

28. Smokador Mfg Co v Tubular Products Co, 31 F2d 255 (CA 2, Conn, 4 March 1929). SCB: 27 F2d 948 (trademark infringement issues)

29. Maloney Tank Mfg Co v Mid-Continent Petroleum Corp, 49 F2d 146 (CA 10, Okla, 30 March 1931) (oil company fire caused by employees' smoking on the job)

30. Rogers v Hill, George, President, Am Tobacco Co, 53 F2d 395 (SD NY, 29 Oct 1931) (business practices case, stockholder alleging excessive pay to Company officials)

31. Rogers v Hill, Pres, ATC, 53 F2d 398 (SD NY, 29 Oct 1931) (stockholder case alleging excessive pay to Company officials)

32. Rogers v Guaranty Trust Co, 53 F2d 398 (29 Oct 1931) (accompanying stockholder case)

33. Capone v U.S., 56 F2d 927; 30 STC 885 (CA 7, 27 Feb 1932) cert den 286 US 553; 52 S Ct 503; 76 L Ed 1288 (smoker pattern of crime case).

34. Burnet, Comm'r of Int Revenue v Commonwealth Improvement Co, 57 F2d 47 (CA 3, 17 March 1932) rev'd 287 US 415; 53 S Ct 198; 77 L Ed 399 (12-12-32) (tax case). SCB: 20 BTA 1189

35. Rogers v Hill, 60 F2d 109 (CA 2, NY, 13 June 1932) (reversing the lower court decision)

36. Rogers v Guaranty Trust Co and American Tobacco Co, 60 F2d 114 (CA 2, 13 June 1932)

37. Rogers v Hill, 62 F2d 1079 (CA 2, 6 Feb 1933)

38. Burton v Crowell Publishing Co, 82 F2d 154 (CA 2, NY, 10 Feb 1936) (depraved "Camel" cigarette ad case, alleging obscenity, indecent exposure, deformity, mental perversion, salaciousness, etc.)

39. Illinois Cigarette Service Co v City of Chicago, 89 F2d 610 (CA 7, Ill, 29 April 1937)

40. R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co v Com'r of Internal Revenue, 94 F2d 167 (CA 4, NC, 4 Jan 1938). SCB: 22 F Supp 187) (tax case)

41. Henry Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture v Currin, 95 F2d 856 (CA 4, No Carolina, 5 April 1938). SCB: 19 F Supp 211

42. Com'r of Internal Revenue v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 97 F2d 302 (6 June 1938). SCB: 35 BTA 949 (Tax case)

43. Bradford Dyeing Assoc'n v National Labor Relations Board, 106 F2d 119 (CA 1, 2 Aug 1939) rev 310 US 318 (issues including discharge for smoking)

44. Liggett & Myers Tobacco v DeLape, 109 F2d 598 (CA 9, 26 Jan 1940) (c) upheld a lower court verdict on cigarette damages. That federal district court verdict, 25 F Supp 1006 (D SC Cal, 17 Jan 1939), had awarded damages to a cigarette smoker who had been injured when

"'tiny sparks and blue or Greenish blue flame came right out of the end of the cigarette and ran up the man's (plaintiff's) nostrils.' . . . Its action was like that of a 'whizzer' firecracker. 'It was a flash.' The plaintiff hurriedly took the cigarette out of his mouth, but before he was able to lay it down flared up again more extensively than at first, and caused further burns on plaintiff's face. . . . the foreign and injuriously inflammable material in the cigarette which directly caused the injury . . . was in the cigarette when it left the factory." The verdict was upheld on appeal, 109 F2d 598 (CA 9, 1940).

45. Automatic Devices Corp v Sinko Tool & Manufacturing Co, 112 F2d 335 (CA 7, ND Ill, 27 April 1940) (patent infringement case)

46. In re Porto Rican American Tobacco Co, 112 F2d 655 (CA 2, 17 June 1940).

47. Automatic Devices Corp v Cuno Engineering Corp, 117 F2d 361 (CA 2, 3 Feb 1941) (patent infringement case) SCB: 34 F Supp 145

48. United States Lighterage Corp v Petterson Lighterage & Towing Corp, 142 F2d 197 (CA 2, NY, 26 April 1944). SCB: 45 F Supp 754

49. American Tobacco Co, et al v United States, 147 F2d 93 (CA 6, Ky, 4 Dec 1944). SCB: 39 F Supp 957

50. Albany Insurance Co v Holberg, 166 F2d 311 (CA 8, Minn, 1 March 1948)

51. Triangle Conduit & Cable Co v FTC, 168 F2d 175 (CA 7, 12 May 1948) affd sub nom Clayton Mark & Co v FTC, 336 US 956 (1949)

52. Denning Warehouse Co v Widener, 172 F2d 910 (CA 10, New Mexico, 4 Feb 1949)

53. P. Lorillard Co v Federal Trade Commission, 186 F2d 52 (CA 4, 29 Dec 1950)

54. R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co v Federal Trade Commission, 192 F2d 535 (CA 7, 1 Nov 1951)

55. In Re Texas City Disaster Litigation, 197 F2d 771 (CA 5, Tex, 10 June 1952)

56. Federal Trade Commission v Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co, 203 F2d 955 (CA 2, NY, 4 May 1953). SCB: 108 F Supp 573

57. J. T. Budd & Co, King Edward Tobacco Co, et al v Mitchell, Sec'y of Labor, 221 F2d 406 (CA 5, Fla, 15 April 1955) (tobacco mfg employees pay case). SCB: 114 F Supp 865

58. U.S. v Bohannon Co, 232 F2d 756 (CA 6, Ky, 2 May 1956) (fire-destroyed tobacco)

59. Cooper v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 234 F2d 170 (CA 1, Mass, 24 May 1956) (product liability case)

60. Cooper v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 256 F2d 464 (CA 1, 12 June 1958) (t)

61. Export Leaf Tobacco Co v American Insurance Co, 260 F2d 839 (CA 4, Va, 14 Oct 1958) (tobacco auction warehouse fire)

62. Butcher Boy Refrigerator Door Co v NLRB, 290 F2d 22 (CA 7, Ill, 27 April 1961)

63. Petition of Republic of France v United States, 290 F2d 395 (CA 5, Tex, 5 May 1961). SCB: 171 F Supp 497. (Smoker ship fire case, causing "more than 500 deaths, more than 3000 personal injuries, and tremendous destruction of and damage to property. It has become known as the Texas City Disaster." Note Para. 24, "It is sufficient that the defendant would reasonably have anticipated consequences or an injury of the general nature of that which ensued.")

64. Padovani v Bruchhausen, 293 F2d 546 (CA 2, NY, 31 July 1961). SCB: 27 FRD 37

65. Pritchard v Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co, 295 F2d 292; 22 NCCA3d 421 (CA 3, 12 Oct 1961) (t)

66. American Tobacco Co v Delaware Valley Marine Supply Co, 297 F2d 199 (CA 3). SCB: 184 F Supp 440; 199 F Supp 560

67. Green v American Tobacco Co, 304 F2d 70 (CA 5, 2 May 1962) (t)

68. R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co v Hudson, 314 F2d 776 (CA 5, 14 March 1963) (t)

69. Lartigue v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co and Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co, 317 F2d 19 (CA 5, 19 April 1963) (t) Part 1; Part 2

70. Meredith v Ringling Bros Barnum & Bailey Combined Shows, Inc, 321 F2d 107 (CA 6, Ohio, 31 July 1963) (issue of smoking-caused circus fire)

71. Green v American Tobacco Co, 325 F2d 673 (CA 5, 11 Dec 1963) (t)

72. Ross v Philip Morris and Co, 328 F2d 3 (CA 8, 26 Feb 1964) (t)

73. Merritt v United States, 332 F2d 397 (CA 1, Mass, 1 June 1964) (military sergeant renting private home, caused fire, smoking in bed)

74. Pritchard v Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co, 350 F2d 479 (CA 3, 26 July 1965) (t)

75. Hirst v Gardner, Secretary, HEW, 365 F2d 125 (CA 7, Ind, 21 July 1966) (smoker Social Security disability case)

76. Pritchard v Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co, 370 F2d 95 (CA 3, 22 Dec 1966) (t)

77. Henry v Gardner, Secretary, HEW, 381 F2d 191 (CA 6, Tenn, 19 July 1967) (smoker Social Security disability case)

78. Green v American Tobacco Co I, 391 F2d 97 (CA 5, 24 Jan 1968) (t)

79. Employers Fire Ins Co v Laney & Duke Storage Warehouse Co, 392 F2d 138 (CA 5, Fla, 11 April 1968)

80. Banzhaf v Federal Communications Commission, 132 US App DC 14; 405 F2d 1082; 78 P.U.R.3d 87l; 1 Media L. Rep. 2037 (21 Nov 1968). SCB: 9 FCC2d 921 (equal time issue re cigarette advertising; citing cigarette dangerousness)

81. Russell v U.S., 133 App DC 77; 408 F2d 1280 (24 Jan 1969) cert den 395 US 928 (stolen cigarettes case)

82. Guss v Jack Tar Management Co, 407 F2d 859 (CA 5, Louisiana, 25 Feb 1969) (issue of hotel guest setting fire to mattress, dying in resultant fire)

83. Green v American Tobacco Co II, 409 F2d 1166 (CA 5, 8 April 1969) (t)

84. Hudson v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 427 F2d 541 (CA 5, 3 June 1970) (t)

85. Nader v Federal Aviation Administration, 142 US App DC 264; 440 F2d 292 (4 March 1971) (smoke-free flights case)

86. Robinson v American Broadcasting Companies, 441 F2d 1396, 1399 (CA 6, Ky, 30 April 1971) (c, s) was a censorship case pursuant to the tobacco taboo. Tobacco growers sought to ban information on tobacco smoking hazards. In rejecting the censorship request and ruling "no," the Sixth Circuit said that "although it was constitutional to require that anti-smoking commercials be broadcast, it does not follow that an injunction prohibiting the broadcast of the same commercials would likewise be constitutionally permissible." This decision affirmed the lower court decision, 328 F Supp 421, 422, 424-426 (D ED Ky, 1 June 1970). That U.S. District Court had rejected Tobacco growers' demand for restrictions on freedom of speech against smoking. The case involved

"growers of burley tobacco [who] complain [of words] which announce, directly, or by innuendo, that the smoking of cigarettes will kill those persons who smoke them . . . . cigarette advertising . . . has been directed to young persons . . . [no] medical or scientific body undertaking a Systematic review of the evidence has reached conclusions opposed to those of the Surgeon General's. . . ."

"The doctrine of clean hands requires this Court . . . to avert further injury to the public, by the continued retardation and erosion of public awareness of the hazards of smoking . . . the mere fact that information is available, or even that it is actually heard or read, does not mean that it is effectively understood.

"A man [or child] who hears a hundred 'yeses' for each 'no,' when the actual odds lie heavily the other way, cannot be realistically deemed adequately informed."

"Any time the uncleanness of . . . hands . . . comes to the attention of the Court . . . the Court is required to act sua sponte . . . on account of the public interest . . . for the advancement of right and natural justice."

87. Robinson v Lorillard Corp, 444 F2d 1396 (CA 6, 30 April 1971) (t)

88. Larus & Brother Co v F.C.C., 447 F2d 876, 880 (CA 4, 20 Aug 1971) (c, s). In that case, the U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals said that "it is now reasonable . . . to assume that the detrimental effects of cigarette smoking on health are beyond controversy."

89. Central Merchandise Co v NLRB, 471 F2d 809 (CA 8, Missouri, 20 Dec 1972)

90. Albright v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 485 F2d 678 (CA 3, 25 Oct 1973) (t)

91. Consolidated Cigar Corp v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 491 F2d 1265 (Court of Customs and Patent Appeals, 28 Feb 1974)

92. Motschenbacher v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 498 F2d 821 (CA 9, Cal, 1974)

93. Nardella v Campbell Machine, Inc, 525 F2d 46 (CA 9, Cal, 22 Oct 1975)

94. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Co v Engman, 527 F2d 1115 (CA 2, NY, 22 Dec 1975)

95. Albright v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 531 F2d 132 (CA 3, 13 Feb 1976) (t)

96. Patterson v American Tobacco Co, 535 F2d 257 (CA 4, Va, 23 May 1976) cert den 429 U.S. 920 (1976)

97. Pons v Lorillard, 549 F2d 950 (CA 4, NC, 2 Feb 1977) rev'd 434 US 575; 98 S Ct 866; 55 L Ed 2d 40 (employee age discrimination case, jury trial issue). SCB: 69 FRD 576

98a. Brown & Williamson, Etc. v Daniel International Corp, 563 F2d 671 (CA 5, Ga, 18 Nov 1977)

98b. U. S. v Frumento, 563 F2d 1083 (CA 3, Pa, 1977) cert den 434 US 1072; 98 S Ct 1256; 55 L Ed 2d 775, 46 U.S.L.W. 1042 (20 Sep 1977) cert den 434 US 1072; 98 S Ct 1258; 55 L Ed 2d 776. SCB: 409 F Supp 136 (ED Pa, 1976).

99. Liggett & Myers, Inc v Federal Trade Commission, 567 F2d 1273 (CA 4, 29 Dec 1977)

100. Lewis v Tobacco Workers Int'l Union, 577 F2d 1135 (CA 4, 10 May 1978) (employee discrimination case; at 1139, holding that an order appealed from may not be changed during a pending appeal)

101. Gasper v Louisiana Stadium & Exposition District, 577 F2d 897 (CA 5, La, 1 Aug 1978). SCB: 418 F Supp 716 (Details, Smoking Ban Constitutionality)

102. Gasper v Louisiana Stadium & Exposition District, 581 F2d 267 (CA 5, La, 14 Sep 1978). SCB: 418 F Supp 716

103. Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock v Director, OWCP, 583 F2d 1273 (CA 4, 21 Sep 1978). SCB: 6 BRBS 133

104. Patterson v American Tobacco Co, 586 F2d 300 (CA 4, Va, 23 Oct 1978). SCB: 535 F2d 257

105. United States v Sheriff Goins, 593 F2d 88 (CA 8, Mo, 26 Feb 1979) (bribery case to not enforce cigarette law)

106. Federal Employees for Nonsmokers' Rights v United States, 194 US App DC 391; 598 F2d 310 (2 May 1979). SCB: 446 F Supp 181

107. Carson v American Brands, Inc, 606 F2d 420 (CA 4, Va, 14 Sep 1979). SCB: 446 F Supp 780

108. Johns Manville Sales Corp v International Ass'n of Machinists, 621 F2d 756 (CA 5, Tex, 16 July 1980)

109. Patterson v American Tobacco Co, 634 F2d 744 (CA 4, Va, 19 Nov 1980). SCB: 586 F2d 300; 535 F2d 257

110. Federal Trade Commission v Carter, 205 US App DC 73; 636 F2d 781 (28 Nov 1980). SCB: 464 F Supp 633

111. Elkind v Liggett & Myers, Inc, 635 F2d 156 (CA 2, 4 Dec 1980). SCB: 66 FRD 36; 77 FRD 708; 472 F Supp 123

112. Action on Smoking and Health v Harris, Secy, HHS, 210 US App DC 123; 655 F2d 236 (19 Dec 1980).

113. Carson v American Brands, Inc, 654 F2d 300 (CA 4, 17 July 1981). SCB: 450 US 79; 101 S Ct 993; 67 L Ed 2d 59; 606 F2d 420; 446 F Supp 780

114. Hummer v Dalton, 657 F2d 621 (CA 4, Va, 26 Aug 1981) (prison case, pure air issue)

115. Franklin v State of Oregon, 662 F2d 1337 (CA 9, 7 Dec 1981) (prison case, pure air issue)

116. General Dynamics Corp v Sachetti, 681 F2d 37 (CA 1, 24 May 1982)

117. Diefenthal v Civil Aeronautics Board, 681 F2d 1039 (CA 5, 6 Aug 1982) (smoke-free flight case)

118. Brown & Williamson, Ltd v United States, 688 F2d 747 (Ct Cl, 25 Aug 1982)

119. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v Liggett & Myers, Inc, 690 F2d 1072 (CA 4, No Carolina, 28 Sep 1982) (discrimination case)

120. Parodi v Merit Systems Protection Board and Office of Personnel Management, 690 F2d 731; 702 F2d 743 (CA 9, Cal, 21 Oct 1982)

121. Action on Smoking and Health v Civil Aeronautics Board, 226 US App DC 57; 699 F2d 1209 (28 Jan 1983) (travelers' rights case)

122. Falstaff Brewing Corp v Philip Morris Inc, 702 F2d 770 (CA 9, Cal, 28 March 1983) (missing documents, contempt of court). SCB: 89 FRD 133

123. United States v Bunney, 705 F2d 378 (CA 10, Wyoming, 12 April 1983) (issue of arsonist torching three buildings using gasoline ignited by cigarettes)

124. Director, Office of Workers' Comp Programs v Rowe, 710 F2d 251 (CA 6, Ky, 17 June 1983)

125. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp v Federal Trade Commission, 710 F2d 1165 (CA 6, 24 June 1983)

126. Wyle v R. J. Reynolds Industries, Inc, 709 F2d 585 (CA 9, 30 June 1983) (anti-trust case, issues of company law firm deliberate ignorance of facts being deemed equivalent of knowledge; failure to investigate binds them to the misconduct)

127. Action on Smoking and Health v Civil Aeronautics Board, 230 US App DC 1; 713 F2d 795 (30 June 1983)

128. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp v Jacobson, 713 F2d 262 (CA 7, Ill, 14 July 1983) (censorship case)

129. Kensell v State of Oklahoma, 716 F2d 1350 (CA 10, Okl, 13 Sep 1983) (employee request for smoke-free workplace)

130. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp v Federal Trade Commission, 717 F2d 963 (CA 6, 19 Sep 1983). SCB: 710 F2d 1165

131. Palmer Coking Coal Co v Director, Office of Workers' Comp Programs, 720 F2d 1054 (CA 9, 17 Nov 1983)

132. Action on Smoking and Health v Civil Aeronautics Board, 233 US App DC 79; 724 F2d 211 (6 Jan 1984)

133. Gordon v Schweiker, Secretary, HHS, 725 F2d 231 (CA 4, No Carolina, 11 Jan 1984) (smoker Social Security disability case)

134. Philip Morris v Pittsburgh Penguins, Inc, 738 F2d 424 (CA 3, Pa, 21 June 1984). SCB: 589 F Supp 912 (business practices case, issue of tobacco advertising on scoreboard)

135. Philip Morris v American Shipping Co, Inc, 748 F2d 563 (CA 11, SD Fla, 10 Dec 1984) (trade case, tobacco cargo damage case)

136. Leaf Tobacco Exporters Ass'n v John Block, Sec'y of Agriculture, 749 F2d 1106 (CA 4, NC, 5 Dec 1984) (business practices case)

137. Philip Morris v American Shipping Co, Inc, 753 F2d 1087 (CA 11, SD Fla, 21 Jan 1985). SCB: 748 F2d 563

138. Philip Morris v John Block, Sec'y of Agriculture, 755 F2d 368 (CA 4, 13 Feb 1985) (trade case, anti-discrimination office OFCCP with jurisdiction of contracts over $2500, gave employees alleging job discrimination more time IAW 29 USC § 793.(b) in which to file their case)

139. Chemehuevi Indian Tribe v California State Bd of Equalization, 757 F2d 1047 (CA 9, Cal, 12 April 1985). SCB: 492 F Supp 55

140. In re Loew's Theatres, Inc, 769 F2d 764; 226 USPQ 865 (CA Fed, 9 Aug 1985) (trademark application case)

141. Federal Trade Commission v Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp, 250 US App DC 162; 778 F2d 35 (10 and 18 Dec 1985). SCB: 580 F Supp 981

142. San Leandro Emergency Medical Group Profit Sharing Plan v Philip Morris Companies, Inc, 75 F3d 801 (CA 2, NY, 25 Jan 1996) (securities fraud allegations). SCB: 872 F Supp 97

143. Cipollone v Liggett Group, Inc II, 785 F2d 1108 (CA 3, 12 March 1986) (t)

144. Cipollone v Liggett Group, Inc II, 789 F2d 181 (CA 3, 7, 18 April 1986) (t)

145. Deschler v Brown & Williamson Tobacco Co., 797 F2d 695 (CA 8, Mo, 8 Aug 1986) (employee discharge case)

146. Cipollone v Liggett Group, Inc, 802 F2d 658 (CA 3, 29 Sep 1986) (t)

147. Lee v Carlson, 812 F2d 712 (CA 2, NY, 26 Jan 1987). SCB: 645 F Supp 1430

148. Bundy v Dugger, 816 F2d 564 (CA 11, Fla, 2 April 1987) (smoker crime case)

149. Grusendorf v City of Oklahoma City, 816 F2d 539; 55 USLW 2588, 2 Indiv.Empl.Rts.Cas. 51 (CA 10, Okla, 17 April 1987) (smoker discharge case)

150. Cipollone v Liggett Group, Inc, 822 F2d 335 (CA 3, 8 June 1987) (t)

151. Stephen v American Brands, Inc, 825 F2d 312 (CA 11, 21 Aug 1987) (t)

152. Palmer v Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co II, 825 F2d 620 (CA 1, 24 Aug 1987) (t)

153. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Co v Jacobson, 827 F2d 1119 (CA 7, Ill, 12 Aug 1987) cert den 485 US 993; 108 S Ct 1302; 99 L Ed 2d 512 (4 April 1988). SCB: 644 F Supp 1240; 713 F2d 262 (tobacco taboo case)

154. Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Co v JMR Electronics Corp, 848 F2d 30 (CA 2, 25 May 1988)

155. Roysdon v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 849 F2d 230 (CA 6, 14 June 1988) (t)

156. Pletten v Merit Systems Protection Bd, 852 F2d 568 (CA 6, MI, 26 July 1988)

157. Miller v Brown and Williamson Tobacco Corp, 856 F2d 184 (CA 3, 26 July 1988). SCB: 679 F Supp 485

158. Public Citizen v Liggett Group, Inc, 858 F2d 775; 15 Media Law Rev 2129; 12 FR Serv 3d 1099 (CA 1, Mass, 28 Sep 1988)

159. Mt. Sinai School of Medicine v American Tobacco Co, Philip Morris, and , 866 F2d 552 (CA 2, NY, 23 Jan 1989) (Med School objection to tobacco companies' action, subpoena of its data)

160. Marsee v United States Tobacco Co, 866 F2d 319; CCF Prod Liab Rep ¶ 12023 (CA 10, Okla, 10 Jan 1989). SCB: 639 F Supp 466; 20 Fed Rules Evid Serv 1245 (re toxic tobacco, issue of tobacco-induced cancer, specifically snuff)

161. Evans v United Life and Accident Insurance Co, 871 F2d 466 (CA 4, Va, 23 March 1989)

162a. Pennington v R. J. Reynolds & American Tobacco Co/Vistron Corp, 876 F2d 414 (CA 5, La, 28 June 1989) (t)

162b. Thomas J. Kline, Inc v Lorillard, Inc, 878 F2d 791 (CA 4, Md, 30 June 1989). SCB: 674 F Supp 183 (business practices case)

163. Booker v Brown & Williamson Tobacco Co., Inc., 879 F2d 1304 (CA 6, Mich., 3 July 1989) (employee discrimination case)

164. Application of American Tobacco Co, 880 F2d 1520 (CA 2, NY, 21 July 1989) (issue of subpoena study data on cancer, smoking, and asbestos)

165. Wilson v Lynaugh, 878 F2d 846 (CA 5, 2 Aug 1989)

166. Dept of Health and Human Services, Indian Health Service, Oklahoma City v Fed. Labor Relations Authority, 280 US App DC 289; 885 F2d 911 (15 Sep 1989)

167. Oklahoma Tax Comm'n v Potawatomi Tribe, 888 F2d 1303 (3 Nov 1989) (c) (tax case, states can't tax Indian cigarette sales without Congressional approval)

168. Pletten v Horner, 891 F2d 292 (CA 6, MI, 14 December 1989)

169. Cipollone v Liggett Group, Inc, 893 F2d 541; CCH Prod Liab Rep ¶ 12329; 10 UCCRS2d 625 (CA 3, NJ, 5 Jan 1990) (t). SCB: 693 F Supp 208

170. Beeson v Johnson, 894 F2d 401 (CA 4, 29 Jan 1990). SCB: 668 F Supp 498

171. Medina-Munoz v R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 896 F2d 5 (CA 1, PR, 15 Feb 1990) (employee age discrimination case)

172. City Vending of Muskogee v Oklahoma Tax Commission, 898 F2d 122 (CA 10, Okl, 14 March 1990) (c), cert den 498 US 823; 111 S Ct 75; 112 L Ed 2d 48 (1 Oct 90) (holding that the bankruptcy court lacked jurisdiction to determine whether sale of cigarettes to Indian tribes was exempt from Oklahoma cigarette Tax under the Commerce Clause because Oklahoma Tax Commission determined it lacked authority to hear constitutional claims, and Taxpayer failed to appeal this determination to the Oklahoma Supreme Court)

173. American Tobacco Co v Wilson, 898 F2d 155 (CA 6, SD Ohio, 15 March 1990)

174. Imperial Tobacco, Ltd v Philip Morris, Inc, 14 USPQ2d 1390; 899 F2d 1575 (CA Fed, 30 March 1990) (trademark case)

175. U.S. v Thornton, 901 F2d 738 (CA 9, CD California, 13 April 1990) (c) (PCP-dipped cigarettes) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/901/738.html

176. Grass v Sargent, 903 F2d 1206 (CA 8, 29 May 1990) (smoke-free prison case)

177. SAIF Corp/Oregon Ship v Johnson and Dir, OWCP, 908 F2d 1434 (CA 9, Oregon, 6 June 1990) (c) (cigarette causation issue) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/908/1434.html

178. Philip Morris v Commissioner of Internal Revenue, 907 F2d 158 (CA Fed, 13 June 1990). SCB: 716 F Supp 1479 (tax case, issue of import classification, with requirement to refile objections anew each time)

179. Pletten v Merit Systems Protection Bd, 908 F2d 973 (CA 6, MI, 13 July 1990). SCB: 23 MSPR 682

180. Sanders v Parker Drilling Co, 911 F2d 191 (CA 9, Alaska, 7 Aug 1990) (s) (discharge for marijuana smoking on job; employer lost for lack of evidence, 2-1, Kozinski dissenting) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/911/191.html

181. MacDonald v Michigan State of Bureaucracy, 911 F2d 733 (CA 6, WD Mich, 23 Aug 1990) (smoker job discrimination case, mem)

182. Comeaux v Brown & Williamson Tobacco Co, 915 F2d 1264 (CA 9, Calif, 26 Sep 1990) (business practices case, by a job applicant, alleging wrongful failure to hire)

183. Lamb v Philip Morris, Inc, 915 F2d 1024 (CA 6, Ky, 28 Sep 1990) (domestic growers vs tobacco importers case)

184. Bishop v Philip Morris, USA, 915 F2d 1570 (CA 6, Ky, 2 Oct 1990). SCB: 771 F Supp 188 (employee discharge case)

185. Clemmons v Bohannon, 918 F2d 858 (CA 10, 9 Oct 1990)

186. Griffith v Dir, OWCP, Dept of Labor, 917 F2d 24; Case No. 90-3160, 1990 WL 164635 (29 Oct 1990) (s) (50 year smoker, 14 year miner, black lung case, remanded for administrative reconsideration)

187. Pletten v Marsh, 920 F2d 933 (CA 6, MI, 12 December 1990)

188. Rogers v Raymark Industries, Inc, 922 F2d 1426 (CA 9, ND California, 9 Jan 1991) (c) (issue of asbestos and lung cancer) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/922/1426.html

189. Caldwell v Quinlan, US App DC; 923 F2d 200 (25 Jan 1991). SCB: 729 F Supp 4

190. U.S. v Tabacca, 924 F2d 906 (CA 9, CD Cal, 29 Jan 1991) (s) (smoker fighting on airplane when told to not smoke) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/924/906.html

191. McKinney v Anderson, 924 F2d 1500; 59 USLW 2544 (CA 9, Nevada, 1 Feb 1991) (c, s) smoking as cruel and unusual punishment) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/924/1500.html

192. U.S. v Evans, 928 F2d 858 (CA 9, Montana, 20 March 1991) (t) (BATF chain of events case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/928/858.html

193. U.S. v Shaw, 936 F2d 412 (CA 9, Cal, 11 June 1991) (s) (alleges 1986 as a year of a cocaine epidemic, so law improvement occurred) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/936/412.html

194. Steading v Thompson, 941 F2d 498 (CA 7, 1991) (8th amendment case)

195. United States of America v Benson, 941 F2d 598 (CA 7, ND Illinois, 27 Aug 1991) (c) (cigarette tax case and insurance allegations)

196. Philip Morris Capital Corp v Bering Trader, Inc, 944 F2d 500 (CA 9, 10 Sep 1991)

197. Smith v Lorillard, Inc, 945 F2d 745 (CA 4, NC, 17 Sep 1991) (garnishment order case)

198. Johnson v Moore, 948 F2d 517 (CA 9, WD Washington, 9 Oct 1991) (c, s) (smoking in prison as cruel and unusual punishment case, and other issues) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/948/517.html

199. U.S. v Baclaan, 948 F2d 628 (CA 9, Hawaii, 6 Nov 1991) (s) (two years in prison for possession of metamphetamine) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/948/628.html

200. U.S. v Geyler, 949 F2d 280 (CA 9, Arizona, 8 Nov 1991) (t) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/949/280.html

201. United States of America v Benson, 957 F2d 301 (CA 7, ND Illinois, 14 Feb 1992) (c) (cigarette tax case and insurance allegations). SCB: 941 F2d 598

202. Pletten v Department of Army, 960 F2d 156 (CA Fed, 12 March 1992)

203. U.S. v McCaslin, 959 F2d 786 (CA 9, WD Washington, 13 March 1992) (c) (double jeopardy, criminal prosecution and drug forfeiture) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/959/786.html

204. McKinney v Anderson, 959 F2d 853 (CA 9, 27 March 1992) (s, t) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/959/853.html

205. Brooke Group Ltd v Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp, 964 F2d 335 (CA 4, NC, 11 May 1992) (allegation of conspiracy to undercut prices reflecting predatory practices). SCB: 748 F Supp 344

206. In re Manguno, 961 F2d 533; CCH Prod Liab Rep ¶ 13185; 22 FR Serv 3d 993 (CA 5, La, 26 May 1992) (dangerous tobacco case)

207. U.S. v Gavilan, 966 F2d 530 (CA 9, SD Cal, 11 June 1992) (s) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/966/530.html

208. Bakery, Confectionary and Tobacco Workers Local Union No. 362-T, AFL-CIO v Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp, 971 F2d 652 (CA 11, Georgia, 3 Sep 1992) (employee arbitration case, re health plan issues)

209. Hunt v Reynolds, 974 F2d 734 (CA 6, 1992) (8th amendment case)

210. Ingram v Acands, Inc, 977 F2d 1332 (CA 9, Oregon, 21 Oct 1992) (c) (asbestos and cigarette causation issue) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/977/1332.html

211. U.S. v Cochrane, 985 F2d 1027 (CA 9, SD Cal, 16 Feb 1993) (t) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/985/1027.html

212. U.S. v Maxey, 989 F2d 303 (CA 9, Nevada, 23 March 1993) (c) (firearms, PCP-laced cigarettes) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/989/303.html

213. U.S. v Ritter, 989 F2d 318 (CA 9, Nevada, 25 March 1993) (t) (pipe bomb case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/989/318.html

214. Gacy v Welborn, 994 F2d 305 (CA 7, Ill, 12 April 1993). SCB: 1992 WL 211018 (habeas corpus issues in smoker crime case)

215. Gates v Rivera, 993 F2d 697 (CA 9, CD California, 18 May 1993) (c) (police excessive force, cigarette lighter evidence) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/2/993/697.html

216. U.S. v Soyland, 3 F3d 1312 (CA 9, SD California, 2 Sep 1993) (c) (marijuana cigarettes in cigararette pack) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/3/3/1312.html

217. Moore v Philip Morris Companies, Inc, 8 F3d 335 (CA 6, Ky, 13 Oct 1993) (employee pension case)

218. U.S. v Richardson, 8 F3d 15 (CA 9, CD Cal, 28 Oct 1993) (t) (falsification case against FBI agent accused of lying to get worker comp'n) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/3/8/15.html

219. Gupton v Commonwealth of Virginia et al., 14 F3d 203; 63 EPD (CCH) ¶ 42,768 (CA 4, Va, 13 Jan 1994) cert den 513 US 810 ((job smoking case)

220. McMillan v Gomez, 19 F3d 465 (CA 9, ED Cal, 21 March 1994) (s) (murder case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/3/19/465.html

221. Beauchamp v Sullivan, 21 F3d 789 (CA 7, 21 March 1994) (smoke-free prison case)

222. Smith v Fruin, et al, 28 F3d 646; 9 IER (BNA) 1202 (CA 7, Ill, 30 June 1994) cert den 513 US 108

223. Fontroy, et al v Owens, et al, Case No. 94-0700 (CA 3, ED Pa, 4 May 1994) (t) (cruel and unsual punishment case, court said to await harm, opposing prevention, constituting judicial malice) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/3rd/940700p.html

224. Vango Media v City of New York, 34 F3d 68 (CA 2, NY, 26 Aug 1994). SCB: 829 F Supp 572 (pro-preemption, re city ordinance requiring one anti-smoking message for every four cigarette advertisements on taxi cabs)

225. Michael v Shiley, Inc, Case 94-0959, 46 F3d 1316 (CA 3, ED Pa, 24 Oct 1994) cert den 516 US 815; 116 S Ct 67; 133 L Ed 2d 29 (2 Oct 1995) (c) (preemption with cigarette law 15 § 1331, et seq., compared, claim of practice of fraudulent promotion of product not preempted) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/3rd/940959p.html

226. Dibrell Brothers Int'l S.A. v Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, Case No. 93-8452 (CA 11, ND Georgia, 2 Dec 1994) (t) (trade case, tobacco shipment contract) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/938452opa.html

227. Rodgers v Horsley, 93-6541, 39 F3d 308 (CA 11, Alabama, 5 Dec 1994) (c, s) (civil rights case, smoker raped in smoking room) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/936541opa.html

228. National Broiler Council v Voss, 44 F3d 740 (CA 9, ED Cal, 14 Dec 1994) (s) (pre-emption case re poultry labeling) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/3/44/740.html

229. United States v Williams, et al, Case No. 94-2101 (CA 7, SD Ill, 12 Jan 1995) (s) (drug case, issues including splitting up by one dealer in smoking, one in no-smoking section of plane, but lied, as was no 'no-smoking' section on the plane) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/942101.html

230. United States v Critton, Case 95-0016, 43 F3d 1089 (CA 6, ND Ohio, 12 Jan 1995) cert den 514 US 1121; 115 S Ct 1987; 131 L Ed 2d 873 (5 May 1995) (c) (controlled substance case, marijuana cigarette evidence) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/950016p.html

231. American & Foreign Ins Co v General Electric Co, Case No. 93-2044 (CA 6, ED Mi, 26 Jan 1995) (s) (product liability case, issue of smoking and school fire) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/950034p.html

232. George L. Weaver v Harold W. Clarke, 45 F3d 1253 (30 Jan 1995) (s) (cruel and unusual punishment case)

233. Griffith v Dir, OWCP, Dept of Labor, 49 F3d 184 Case No. 93-4171 (CA 6, 14 Feb 1995) (s) (50 year smoker, 14 year miner, black lung case). SCB: 917 F2d 24; Case No. 90-3160, 1990 WL 164635. http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/950087p.html

234. United States v Hancox, Case No. 95-0088 (CA 6, WD Ky, 13 March 1995) (parole case, cocaine smoking, bank fraud) (Ryan) (s) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/950088p.html

235. Lowe v Sporicidin Int'l, Case 94-1821, 47 F3d 124 (CA 4, D Maryland, 20 March 1995) (c) (preemption concept in disinfectant case, Compared to cigarette preemption law, 15 § 1331, et seq.) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/941821p.html

236. Baskerville v Culligan International Co, Case 94-2837, 50 F3d 428(CA 7, ND Illinois, 20 March 1995) on remand, 1995 WL 368858 (c) (sexual harassment case with intermittent offensive words, no objection to second-hand smoke) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/942837.html

237. United States v Mack, Case No. 92-3519, F3d (CA 6, ND Ohio, 30 March 1995) (t) (BATF violent crime case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/950124p.html

238. Staron v McDonald's Corp and Burger King Corp, Case No. 94-7395; 51 F3d 353 (CA 2, D Conn, 4 April 1995) (s) (ADA request for accommodation of nonsmokers; 28 CFR § Pt 36 App B says to not accommodate smokers) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/947395.html. SCB: 872 F Supp 1092

239a. Miles v Burris, Case 94-2921, 54 F3d 284 (CA 7, ND Illinois, 8 April 1995) (c) (smoker was robbed) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/942921.html

239b. Consumers of Ohio v Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp, 52 F3d 325; 1995 WL 234620 (CA 6, 19 April 1995)

240. Taylor AG Industries v Pure-Gro, 54 F3d 555 (CA 9, D Arizona, 24 April 1995) (c) (contrast specific cigarette warnings with other more general warnings) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/3/54/555.html

241. Doss v Dir, Office of Workers' Comp Programs, Case 94-1399, 53 F3d 654 (CA 4, West Virginia, 18 May 1995) (c) (black lung case, 25 year smoker, 12 years in mining) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/941399p.html

242. Brown v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 52 F3d 524 (CA 5, La, 5 May 1995). SCB: 852 F Supp 8 (no alternative design)

243. Blakley, Widow v Amax Coal Co and Dir, OWCP, Case 94-2169, 54 F3d 1313 (CA 7, 25 May 1995) (c,s ) (black lung case, smoker 45 years, miner 21 years, claim denied) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/942169.html

244. United States v Dodge, Case No. 94-1459 (CA 2, Conn, 25 May 1995) (t) (unregistered destructive device case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/941459.html

245. United States v Klais, Case No. 94-4911 (CA 11, SD Fla, 2 June 1995) (t) (BATF firearms and falsification case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/944911opa.html

246. United States v Fonseca-Machado, Case 94-4585, 53 F3d 1242 (CA 11, SD Florida, 7 June 1995) cert den 516 US 925; 116 S Ct 326; 133 L Ed 2d 227 (10 Oct 1995) (c) (air piracy case, flight to Cuba using gas and cigarette lighters, deemed flight to avoid prosecution) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/944585opa.html

247. Goffman v Gross, Case No. 94-1738, 59 F3d 668 (CA 7, SD Illinois, 6 July 1995) (c, s) (second hand smoke as cruel and unusual punishment; smoker with lung cancer, smoke-free prison case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/941738.html

248. Byrnes v Shalala, Secy, HHS, 60 F3d 639 (CA 9, D Arizona, 21 July 1995) (s) (smoker SSI disability case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/3/60/639.html

249. Warth v Southern Ohio Coal Co, Case 94-2635p (CA 4, Ohio, 31 July 1995) (c) (claim by 22 year smoker) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/942635p.html

250. Warth v Southern Ohio Coal Co and Dir, OWCP, Case 94-2635pv2, 60 F3d 173 (CA 4, Ohio, 31 July 1995) (c) (smoker black lung case, court gives medical opinion of Congress and CFR writers greater weight than examining physician) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/942635pv2.html

251. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp v Merrell Williams, Henry Waxman, et al, Case No. 94-5171, 314 US App DC 85; 62 F3d 408 (15 Aug 1995) (t) (lawsuit re whistleblower-provided documents to Congress, causing chink in tobacco taboo eventually the coumarin exposé) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/DC/945171a.html

252a. Robertson v Fiore, 62 F3d 596 (CA 3, NJ, 16 Aug 1995) (smoker discharge case, caused danger) (s) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/3rd/951135p.html

252b. Anheuser Busch Inc v Schmoke, Mayor of Baltimore, 63 F3d 1305 (CA 4, 31 August 1995). SCB: 855 F Supp 811

253. DeHue Coal Co v Ballard, Dir, OWCP, Case 94-2369, 65 F3d 1189 (CA 4, West Virginia, 25 Sep 1995) (c, s) (black lung case by 16 year miner, 30 year smoker, with lung cancer, claim denied). SCB: 93-1765-BLA http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/942369p.html

254. Duvall v Bristol-Myers-Squibb Co, Case 94-1520, 103 F3d 324 (CA 4, D Maryland, 25 Sep 1995) (c) (Medical device premption concept Compared to cigarette preemption law, 15 § 1331, et seq.) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/941520p.html

255. United States of America v Benson, Case 94-2214, 67 F3d 641 (CA 7, ND Illinois, 6 Oct 1995) (c) (cigarette tax case and insurance allegations) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/942214.html SCB: 941 F2d 598; 957 F2d 301

256. U.S. v Baker and Hale, 63 F3d 1478 (CA 9, D Montana, 6 Oct 1995) (c) (contraband cigarettes, smuggling, racketeering (RICO) and money laundering) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/3/63/1478.html

257. Rice v U S Dept ATF, Case No. 94-1547 (CA 3, ED Pa, 18 Oct 1995) (t) (BATF refusal of gun permit case). SCB: 850 F Supp 308. http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/3rd/951184p.html

258. Adams v Philip Morris, Inc, Case 95-0309 / 94-5608, 67 F3d 580 (CA 6, WD Kentucky, 18 Oct 1995) (c) (white male discrimination case, alleging black hired in his stead lacked experience with high speed cigarette machines) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/950309p.html

259. Jones v Owens-Corning Fiberglas, Case 94-1861, 69 F3d 712 (CA 4, ED North Carolina, 3 Nov 1995) (c) (smoker claim re asbestosis and lung cancer) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/941861p.html

260. Jones v Owens-Corning Fiberglas, Case No. 94-1861 (CA 4, ED NC, 13 Nov 1995) (s) (smoker asbestos case; winning requires showing exposure over a period of time ) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/941861p.html

261. United States v Nature's Bounty, Inc, Case No. 95-6051 (CA 2, ED NY, 19 Dec 1995) (t) (references tobacco exemption from law!) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/956051.html

262. Penn Advertising v Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, 63 F3d 1318 (CA 4, Maryland, 31 Dec 1995) (c) (cigarette billboard ban) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/942141p.html

263. Edward A. Loetel v James A. Gammon, Case No. 95-2290 (CA 8, ED Missouri, 10 Jan 1996) (c, s) (cruel and unusual punishment case, second-hand smoke issue) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/952290p.html

264. Assoc. Electric v Dir, OWCP, Case No. 95-1645 (CA 8, 19 Jan 1996) (black lung case, 15-20 year smoker) (s) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/951645p.html

265. United States v Benson, 74 F3d 152 (CA 7, ND Illinois, 18 Jan 1996) (c) (cigarette tax case and insurance allegations). SCB: 941 F2d 598; 957 F2d 301; 67 F3d 641

266. San Leandro Emergency Medical Group v Philip Morris Co, Case 95-7156, 75 F3d 801 (CA 2, SD NY, 25 Jan 1996) (c, t) (class action, securities fraud, insider trading allegations, related to prime cigarette sales decline due to discount cigarettes, and alleging stockhOlder rights violation, and citing prior precedent, In Re Philip Morris Securities Litigation, 872 F Supp 97 [SD NY, 1995]) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/957156.html

267. United States v Bernardine, Case No. 94-4240 (CA 11, SD Fla, 29 Jan 1996) (s) (sentencing case, marijuana smoking, prosecutor lacks personal knowledge) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/944240opa.html

268. United States v Michael Dean Byrd, Case No. 95-2979 (CA 8, So Dakota, 5 Feb 1996) (s) (marijuana smoker assault case, cavalier attitude) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/952979p.html

269. Nowd v Rubin, Secy of Treas, Case No. 95-1796 (CA 1, Mass, 12 Feb 1996) (t) (BATF age discrimination against employee case, atty fee issue) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/1st/951796.html

270. Oliver v Deen, Case 94-4012, 77 F3d 156 (CA 7, CD Illinois, 22 Feb 1996) (c) (second hand smoke, not cruel and unusual punishment for asthmatic) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/944012.html

271. U.S. v Gord, 77 F3d 1192 (CA 9, WD Montana, 1 March 1996) (c) (smoke shop cigarette smuggling case and money laundering) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/3/77/1192.html

272. United States v Lana Christine Acty, Case No. 95-1779 (CA 8, Iowa, 7 March 1996) (t) (post-conviction defense included allegation that Am Pipe & Tobacco Co lawyer had a conflict of interest) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/951779p.html

273. Bernice Van Dyke v Dir, OWCP and Missouri Mining, Inc, Case No. 95-2259 (CA 8, 7 March 1996) (s) (black lung case, by widow of 30 year smoker, 27 year miner, denied) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/952259p.html

274. United States v McAllister, Case No. 94-8979 (CA 11, ND Ga, 8 March 1996) (BATF gun case) (t) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/948979opa.html

275. United States v Ram, Case No. 95-1583 (CA 2, NY, 8 March 1996) (t) (mail fraud, arson, witness tampering) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/941583.html

276. Consolidation Coal Co v McMahon, Dir, OWCP, Case No. 95-3005 (CA 6, 11 March 1996) (s) (black lung case, 29 year miner, smoking began in 1946, now 5 packs a day, case remanded) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/960081p.html

277. Rosen v Ciba-Geigy Corp, Case 95-3064, 78 F3d 316 (CA 7, ND Illinois, 11 March 1996) cert den 519 US 819; 117 S Ct 73; 136 L Ed 2d 33 (7 Oct 1996) (c, s) smoker case against nicotine patch maker re tobacco-caused heart heart attack, poorly reasoned on cause and effect) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/953064.html

278. Braun v Lorillard Inc, Case 95-4094, 84 F3d 230 (CA 7, ND Illinois, 17 March 1996) cert den 519 US 992; 117 S Ct 480; 136 L Ed 2d 375 (18 Nov 1996) (c, s) (product liability case in cigarette-caused death, unqualified expert witness) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/954094.html

279. Linbrook Farms v Smith Kline Beecham Corp, Case 95-2051 (CA 7, CD Illinois, 21 March 1996) (c, s) (animal vaccine case, preemption issue analogy with federal cigarette preemption law, 15 § 1331, et seq.) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/952051.html

280. United States v William E. Eneff, Case No. 95-2697 (CA 8, ND Iowa, 25 March 1996) (t) (confidential BATF metamphetamine case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/952697p.html

281. Joiner v General Electric Co, et al., 78 F3d 524 (CA 11, 27 March 1996) (smoker lung cancer case)

282. US v Boots, et al, Case No. 94-1813 (CA 1, Maine, 29 March 1996) (t) (cigarette smuggling into Canada, with bribery and tax evasion) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/1st/941811.html

283. Philip Morris, Inc v CIR, 71 F3d 1040 (CA 2, 8 Dec 1995) (tax case) (c) cert den 517 US 1220; 116 S Ct 1849; 134 L Ed 2d 949 (28 May 1996). SCB: 104 TC 61; 1995 WL 23338

284. Buckley v Metro-North Commuter R.R., Case No. 95-7399 (CA 2, SD NY, 1 April 1996) (s) (smoker asbestosis case, standard is "increased risk"; quantities to which exposed were concealed) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/57399.html

285a. Michael Jenner v Warden Joe Class, Case 95-1941, 79 F3d 736 (CA 8, D South Dakota, 1 April 1996) cert den 519 US 874; 117 S Ct 194; 136 L Ed 2d 131 (7 Oct 1996) (c) (habeas corpus case, cigarette evidence in murder case, allegation lawyer failed to show Jenner as a nonsmoker, court said it wouldn't change outcome) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/951941p.html

285b. USA v Vernell Armfield, Case 95-2978 (CA 8, ED Missouri, 9 April 1996) (c) (drug forfeiture case, marijuana cigarette, etc.) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/952978p.html

285c. Allgood v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 80 F3d 168; CCH Prod Liab Rep ¶ 14656; 29 UCCRS 2d 496 (CA 5, Tex, 16 April 1996) cert den 519 US 930; 117 S Ct 300; 136 L Ed 2d 218 (15 Oct 1996) (product liability dangerous tobacco case)

286. Meeks v McBride, Case No. 95-2014 (CA 7, ND Indiana, 17 April 1996) (s) (marijuana smoker denied good time credits) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/952014.html

287. Kristan Standish v Gerald Bommell, Case No. 95-2002 (CA 8, WD Missouri, 19 April 1996) (s) (cruel and unusual punishment case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/952002p.html

288. Paducah Marine Ways v Thompson, Case No. 96-0124, F3d (CA 6, 24 April 1996) (t) (smoker with emphysema, injury case, back injury, had tobacco stripping duties, issue of one year statute of limitations of time of injury known) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/960124p.html

289. United States v Adams, Case 95-16510 (CA 2, ED New York, 15 May 1996) (c) (racketeering case, robbery of cigarette wholesaler) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/9516510.html

290. Brown v Costello, Case No. 95-9244, CA 2, ND NY, 23 May 1996) (t) (includes contempt of court case issue; judge ordered person to smoky jail, raising cruel and unusual punishment issue, among others) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/959244.html

291. Stiltner v Island Creek Coal Co and Dir, OWCP, 86 F3d 337 (CA 4, West Virginia, 7 June 1996) (c, s) (black lung case, miner 40 years, 37 year smoker) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/951192p.html

292. In re Cincinnati Enquirer, Case No. 96-3627, F3d (CA 6, 7 June 1996) (t) (anti-censorship case citing a prior tobacco case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/960161p.html

293. Andrade v Mayfair Management, Case No. 95-2476 (CA 4, ED Va, 27 June 1996) (sexual harassment case alleging employer is anti-smoking) (s) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/952476p.html

294. Cleoria Thompson v Carthage School District, Case 95-2276, 87 F3d 979 (CA 8, ED Arkansas, 28 June 1996) (c) (contraband cigarettes in school search of students lack Fourth Amendment protection) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/952276p.html

295. Jackson v Burns, 89 F3d 850 (CA 10, 28 June 1996) (smoke-free prison case)

296. Burka, Robert A. v HHS, Case No. 95-5058 (CA DC, 2 July 1996) (s, t) (tobacco taboo case; refusal by HHS to provide intervention data on preventing smoking) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/DC/955058a.html

297. Homeyer v Stanley Tulchin Assoc, Case No. 95-3977, 91 F3d 959 (CA 7, ND Ill, 31 July 1996) (s) (nonsmoker fired for seeking smoke-free workplace) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/953977.html

298. Harvey v Foote, 92 F3d 1192; 1996 WL 441776 (CA 9, Oreg, 5 August 1996) (prison case)

299. Bagdonas v Dept of Treasury, Case No. 95-2143 (CA 7, ND Ill, 23 Aug 1996)(t) (BATF unregistered weapon case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/952143.html

300. Bush v Shalala, Secy, HHS, Case 95-6215, 94 F3d 40 (CA 2, ED New York, 23 Aug 1996) (c) (second hand smoker disability claimant, asthma, claim denied) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/956215.html

301. United States v Martin dba Burley Tobacco Warehouse, Case No. 95-5701, F3d (CA 6, Ryan, ED Tenn, 5 Sep 1996) (t) (selling excess tobacco above quota) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/960289p.html

302. United States v Holder, Case No. 96-1004 (CA 2, 13 Sep 1996) (t) (BATF case, gun-running, it's not a minor role when one has awareness of the overview) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/961004.html

303. Sharon Putman v Unknown Smith, 98 F3d 1093 (CA 7, ED Missouri, 28 Oct 1996) (c) (auto forfeiture case with marijuana cigarette) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/961190p.html

304. Music Cafes, Inc v City of Edina, Case No. 95-3924 (CA 8, Minn, 5 Nov 1996) (s) (rejecting claim smoking ban is discriminatory) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/953924p.html

305. Anheuser-Busch v Schmoke, 101 F3d 325 (CA 4, Maryland, 13 Nov 1996) (on remand from Supreme Court, cigarette billboard advertising case) (c) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/941431pv2.html

306. Penn Advertising v Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, 101 F3d 332 (CA 4, 13 Nov 1996) (s) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/942141p.html

307. Women Prisoners of District of Columbia Dep't of Corrections v District of Columbia, F3d. SCB: 877 F Supp 634, 98 Ed Law Rep 681; 899 F Supp 659, 104 Ed Law Rep 213

308. Women Prisoners of District of Columbia Dep't of Corrections v District of Columbia, F3d (14 Nov 1996). SCB: 877 F Supp 634, 98 Ed Law Rep 681; 899 F Supp 659, 104 Ed Law Rep 213

309. USA v Virgil Owens, Case No. 96-2209 (CA 8, SD Iowa, 22 Nov 1996) (t) (BATF case, hollowing out cigars for inserting marijuana, called "blunts") http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/962209p.html

310. Action on Smoking and Health v Dept of Labor, 307 US App DC 295; 28 F3d 162, 165 (CA DC, 26 Nov 1996) (s,t) (case seeking to enforce the safety law to provide smoke-free workplaces, specifically, OSHA action to enforce the workplace emissions regulation 29 CFR § 1910.1000 re cigarettes' toxic chemicals) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/DC/951615a.html

311. Women Prisoners of District of Columbia Dep't of Corrections v District of Columbia, 93 F3d 910; 113 Ed Law Rep 30. SCB: 877 F Supp 634, 98 Ed Law Rep 681; 899 F Supp 659, 104 Ed Law Rep 213

312. Mrs. Binh Chiglo v City of Preston and Mike Sveen, Case 96-1066, 104 F3d 185 (CA 8, D Minn, 6 Jan 1997) (c, t) (Preston had passed a cigarette ban ordinance, tombstone style only allowed, challenge prevailed under federal preemption law, 15 § 1331, et seq., City did not appeal loss, parents intervened to be allowed to do so, court refused to allow such intervention) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/961066p.html SCB: 909 F Supp 675

313. United States v Owens, Case No. 95-3107 (CA 11, ND Fla, 22 Jan 1997) (t) (BATF unregistered rifle case, with undercover agent) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/953107opa.html

314. Ruth A. Kisling v Shirley S. Chater, Com'r, Soc Security Admin, Case No. 96-2253 (CA 8, ED Arkansas, 5 Feb 1997) (s) (smoker SSI claim, no reference by psychiatrist to tobacco mental disorder symptoms) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/962253p.html

315. Yakama Indian Nation v State of Washington, 78 F3d 1400 (CA 9, ED Washington, 12 Feb 1997) (c) (cigarette tax exemption allegation case). SCB: 873 F Supp 404

316. United States v Williams, Case 96-2407, 102 F3d 923, 106 F3d 1362 (CA 7, CD Illinois, 13 Feb 1997) (c) (firearms violation case, marijuana cigarette evidence inadmissible) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/962407.html

317. Action on Smoking and Health v Dept of Labor, 323 US App DC 268; 100 F3d 901 (11 March 1997) (s) (case seeking to enforce the safety law to provide smoke-free workplaces, due to cigarette hazards, seeking OSHA action to enforce regulation 29 CFR § 1910.1000 re cigarettes' toxic chemicals) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/DC/951615b.html

318. Bath Iron Works Corp v Worker Russell E. Harford, Jr. and Dir, Office of Workers' Comp Programs, 137 F3d 673 (CA 1, Maine, 21 March 1997) (c, s) (32 year smoker asbestos claim based on a few inhalation incidents, his doctor said smoking caused his lung condition, so 2-1, the court denied his claim)

319. Bath Iron Works Corp v Dir, Office of Workers' Comp Programs, Case 96-1956, 125 F3d 18; 136 F3d 34; 137 F3d 673 (CA 1, Maine, 21 March 1997) (c, s) (smoker asbestos claim based on a few inhalation incidents, prevailed under doctrine of causing or aggravating condition) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/1st/961956.html

320. Winstead v United States, Case No. 95-2875, F3d (CA 4, MD NC, 1 April 1997) (t) (tax case involving tobacco farmer with sharecroppers) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/952875p.html

321. Ziegler Coal Co v Evelyn M. Kelly & Workers' Comp Programs, U.S. Dept. of Labor, Case No. 96-2390 (CA 7, 28 April 1997) (s) (black lung case, 22 years in decision process, man died waiting). SCB: 93-BLA-1182 http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/962390.html

322. Vargas-Badillo v Diaz-Torres, Case 96-1895, 98 F3d 1357, 109 F3d 53 (CA 1, Puerto Rico, 30 May 1997) (c) (excessive police force case, smoker when told to stop smoking, put out cigarette grinding it into police station floor) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/1st/961895.html

323. USA v John Zaragoza, Case No. 96-2041 (CA 7, ND Ind, 25 June 1997) (t) (tobacco store owner, financial difficulties, arson, insurance fraud, racketeering) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/962041.html

324. USA v Jarvouhey, Case No. 96-10424 (CA 9, ED Cal, 8 July 1997) (t) (BATF firearms case, no records were made of transactions; willfulness includes failure to act) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/9610424.html

325. US v Bunny, Case No. 95-5663 (CA 4, ND W Va, 10 July 1997) (t) (BATF case, attempt to distinguish crack and powder cocaine refused, as courts on this subject go by Congress' medical opinions, not by medical science) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/955663u.html

326. United States v Bramlett, Case 96-6453, 116 F3d 1493 (CA 11, MD Alabama, 10 July 1997) (c) (arson by using match or cigarette lighter) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/966453opa.html

327. Smith v McGlothlin, Case No. 96-55430 (CA 9, SD Cal, 17 July 1997) (s) (school search case, no individualized suspicion, checking for smoking students; judges including Kozinski disregard the gateway drug to lecture the person on not suing!!) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/9655430.html

328. George L. Weaver v Harold W. Clarke, Case No. 96-2952 (CA 8, 23 July 1997) (s, t) (cruel and unusual punishment case, atty fee issue). SCB: 45 F3d 1253 (1995) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/962952p.html

329. USA v Warren D. Turner, Case 96-3096, 326 US App DC 219; 119 F3d 18 (CA DC, D DC, 25 July 1997) (c) (cocaine possession case, and marijuana cigarettes; presence of torn cigar Tobacco was a factor deemed consistent with marijuana use) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/DC/963096a.html

330. Bradberry v Director, Case No. 95-6900 (CA 11, 29 July 1997) (s, t) (black lung case, 60 year smoker, widow, standard is "hastening death," remanded). SCB: 93-2440-BLA http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/956900opa.html

331. Warner-Lambert Co v A & A Candy & Tobacco Co, Case No. 96-1334 (CA 4, Maryland, 5 Aug 1997) (t) (trademark infringement and unfair competition case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/961334u.html

332. Peabody Coal Co v Hill, Case 97-0248, 123 F3d 412 (CA 6, Kentucky, 8 Aug 1997) (c) (smoker, 37 year miner, black lung case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/970248p.html

333. Peabody Coal Co v Hill, Case No. 96-3556, 1997 FED App 0248P (6th Cir) F3d (CA 6, 18 Aug 1997) (s) (smoker black lung case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/970248p.html

334. Philip Morris, Inc v Harshbarger, Case 97-8022, 122 F3d 58 (CA 1, D Massachusetts, 18 Aug 1997) (c, s, t). SCB: 946 F Supp 1067; 957 F Supp 327

335. Philip Morris, Inc v Harshbarger, Case 97-8022, 122 F3d 58 (CA 1, D Massachusetts, 18 Aug 1997) (c, s, t). This is another tobacco lobby-filed censorship case, like in Robinson v ABC, 441 F2d 1396, supra. Tobacco lobby terror of the facts on tobacco chemicals and the hazards data getting out to the public is obvious. http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/1st/978022.html SCB: 946 F Supp 1067; 957 F Supp 327

336. Rochon v City of Angola, 122 F3d 319 (CA 5, 1997) (cruel and unusual punishment case)

337. Philip Morris, Inc v Blumenthal, 123 F3d 103 (CA 2, Conn, 1997) (c) cert den 118 S Ct 2340 (1997)

338. Beatie v City of New York and Rudolph Giuliani, Case 96-9131, 123 F3d 707 (CA 2, NY, 2 Sep 1997) (c, s, t) (cigar smoker challenge to NYC clean air law failed, court summarizing hazard evidence) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/969131.html

339. United States v Gonsalves, Case No. 95-8071 (CA 11, ND Ga, 5 Sep 1997) (marijuana smoking, drug and firearms case) (s) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/958071opa.html

340. Philip Morris, Inc. v Blumenthal, Attorney General, Case No. 97-7122 (CA 2, Connecticut, 12 Sep 1997) (t) (re lawsuit for damages and to enjoin unfair trade practices) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/977122.html

341. David P. Lusz, Jr. v Augustus Scott, Jr. Warden, Lincoln Correctional Center, et al, Case No. 94-1601 (CA 7, CD Ill, 7 Oct 1997) (s) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/941601.html

342. Peabody Coal Co v Smith, Case No. 96-3598, F3d (CA 6, 7 Oct 1997) (s) (smoker black lung case). SCB: 95-0383 BLA http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/970299p.html

343. Andrew Bridgman, A Minor, Etc. v New Trier H School Dist. No. 203, et al, Case No. 97-1412 (CA 7, ND Ill, 4 Nov 1997) (s) (school search case, smoker student suspected of marijuana use) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/971412.html

344. Bath Iron Works v Workers' Comp, Case 96-2162 (CA 1, Maine, 6 Nov 1997) (c, s) (40 year smoker asbestos claim, deemed 100-120 pack year smoker) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/1st/962162.html

346. NLRB v Hi-Tech Cable Corp, Case No. 96-60561 (CA 5, 14 Nov 1997) (s, t) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/5th/9660561cv0.html

347. US v Smith, Case 96-9097 (CA 11, MD Georgia, 17 Nov 1997) (c) (crack cocaine case, search evidence marijuana cigarette) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/969097opa.html

348. USA v Hunt, Case No. 96-50639 (CA 5, WD Texas, 17 Nov 1997) (s, t) (BATF cocaine case, citing guns as tools of the drug trade, and the presence of tobacco wrappings as evidence of drug selling) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/5th/9650639cr0.html

349. USA v Trapilo, Case No. 97-1011 (CA 2, ND NY, 5 Dec 1997) (t) (case involving cigarette smuggling to evade Canadian tax) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/971011.html

350. Kuiper, et al v American Cyanamid Co, 131 F3d 656 (CA 7, ED Wisconsin, 5 Dec 1997) cert den           118 S Ct 1839; 140 L Ed 2d 1090       (c) (insecticide case, issue of preemption of 7 USC § 136-136y as with federal cigarette preemption law) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/961647.html SCB: 913 F Supp 1236; 960 F Supp 1378

351. Bloom v Bexar County, Texas,, Case No. 95-50027 (CA 5, WD Texas, 19 Dec 1997) (s) (judge's smoke-filled jobsite impacted nonsmoker court reporter; sued county, though not the employer, as in Texas, the state is) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/5th/9750027cv0.html

352. Nancy Kelley v John J. Callahan, Act Com'r, Soc Sec Admin, Case No. 97-2142 (CA 8, SD Iowa, 7 Jan 1998) (s) (smoker Social Security disability case, having body-wide spectrum of ills, SSA feels smoking is reason to deny the claim) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/972142p.html

353. Wm. P. Todd, et al. v Rush County Schools, et al, Case 97-2548, 133 F3d 984 (CA 7, SD Indiana, 12 Jan 1998) (c, t) (random drug testing scam, for students in extracurricular activities upheld, disregarding medical fact of cigarettes as the gateway drug, obviating need to test beyond that, i.e., welfare for drug testers). SCB: 983 F Supp 799 http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/972548.html

354. Cole v US Dept. of Agriculture, Case No. 96-9069 (CA 11, MD Georgia, 21 Jan 1998) (t) (excess marketing of tobacco above quota, lacking required transaction records, apparent selling more than reported buying) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/969069opn.html

355. Nurse Elizabeth Karpel v Inova Health System, Case No. 97-1279, F3d (CA 4, ED Va, 27 Jan 1998) (s) (discrimination case, issue included nurse vs smoking in hospital) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/971279p.html

356. Noonan v Winston Co, et al., 135 F3d 85 (CA 1, D Mass, 2 Feb 1998) (c, t) (activist police officer educated against smoking, French subsidiary of Tobacco Company used his picture in advertising, court denied jurisdiction to deal with the case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/1st/971132.html SCB: 902 F Supp 298

357. Bath Iron Works Corp v Worker Philip Reno and Dir, Office of Workers' Comp Programs, 136 F3d 34 (CA 1, 12 Feb 1998) (smoker comp case)

358. USA v Doe (R.S.W.) **1/2 1/2 Electronic**, Case 97-30042, 136 F3d 631 (CA 9, D Montana, 12 Feb 1998) (c) (juvenile delinquent case, arson, started fire in school, proof of knowledge of effect of fire-starting is not necessary for conviction, it's known cigarettes are useable for arson, lighting a cigarette has no legal basis when banned) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/9730042.html

359. Charlotte J. Kraft v Ingersoll-Rand Co, 136 F3d 631 (CA 8, Minn, 19 Feb 1998) (c) (on-job injury case, worker does not "assume the risk" when unfamiliar with the danger, here, one week on the job, in contrast to cigarette fire case, smoking around gas, Andren v White-Rodgers Co, 465 NW2d 102 [Minn App, 1991]) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/971499p.html

360. USA v Jose R Trejo, Case No. 97-3016 (CA DC, DC, 3 March 1998) (t) (BATF case, entrapment alleged, via BATF agents providing hallucinogenic drug) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/DC/973016a.html

361. Bath Iron Works v Dept of Labor, Case No. 96-2163 (CA 1, 6 March 1998) (s) (asbestosis case by 32 year smoker) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/1st/962163.html

362. Milburn Colliery Co v Hicks, Dir, OWCP, Case No. 96-2438, 138 F3d 524 (CA 4, D West Virginia, 6 March 1998) (c,s) (black lung case, 40 year miner, 45 year smoker). SCB: 96-494-BLA http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/962438p.html

363. Wm. P. Todd, et al. v Rush County Schools, et al, 139 F3d 571 (CA 7, SD Ind, 19 March 1998) (c) (random drug testing for students in extracurricular activities upheld, disregarding medical fact of cigarettes as the gateway drug, obviating need to test beyond that, i.e., welfare for drug testers). SCB: 983 F Supp 799; 133 F3d 984

364. Avery Allen Baxter v Local 7370 UPIU, Case 97-2022 (CA 8, WD Arkansas, 26 March 1998) (c) (employee discharge case, providing marijuana cigarette to undercover agent) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/972022p.html

365. Benjamin W. Scott v DC, Case No. 97-7064 (CA DC, 3 April 1998) (s, t) (cruel and unusual punishment case, injunction issued to ban smoking; efforts to comply were alleged; reversal) . SCB: 959 F Supp 6 (DDC, 1997) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/DC/977064a.html

366. Ciarlante v Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp and American Tobacco Co, 143 F3d 139; Case No. 98-1850 (CA 3, ED Penn, 30 April 1998) (t) (class action by sales reps of whom large numbers were fired without notice on corp merger, citing Chevron argument and alleging violation of the law requiring notice when over 50 are fired by the same office) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/3rd/981850p.html

367. Trans State Outdoor v TX Comptroller, Case 97-2069, 140 F3d 618 (CA 5, SD Texas, 22 May 1998) (c) (cigarette tax case, not discharged in bankruptcy when debtor had not properly contested the matter) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/5th/9720629cv0v2.html SCB: 220 BR 339

368. Beggs v Rossi (Conn, 27 May 1998) (t) (tax case, ownership of things vs transactions distinction) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/979438.html

369. Ron Russell, PAC, et al v Troy Burris, et al, Case No. 97-3922 (CA 8, ED Arkansas, 4 June 1998) (t) (campaign contribution limits case, PAC challenge to Ark law, discussion of quid pro quo corruption and undue influence potential, e.g., tobacco) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/973922p.html

370. R&H Steel Buildings, Inc v Dir, Office of Workers' Comp, et al, Case 97-3409 (CA 7, 16 June 1998) (c, s) (smoker black lung case, re tobacco-induced lung cancer, heart attack and/or stroke as cause of death) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/973409.html

371. United States v Conghau Huu To, Case 96-1596 (CA 11, MD Florida, 23 June 1998) (c) (racketeering by crime gang, evidence issue included self-initiated cigarette burns on arms depicting gang membership) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/963045man.html

372. Jasper N. Buchanan v Audrey Manley, Case 97-5363, F3d (CA DC, D DC, 23 June 1998) (c, t) (case involving cigarette harmfulness) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/DC/975363a.html

373. Glen Coal Co and Old Republic Ins Co v Jess Seals and Dir, OWCP, U.S. Dep't of Labor, Case No. 96-4121, F3d (CA 6, 24 June 1998). SCB: No. 92-1887 BLA (black lung case, with background on the law and Congress' medical opinion that doctors don't really know the answers!—despite their four centuries of experience analyzing causation data!)

374. Robert Burton Assoc v Preston Trucking Co, Case 98-1905 (CA 3, D New Jersey, 10 July 1998) (c) (shipper lost 81 cases of cigarette papers, issue of whether to reimburse at market value or replacement cost) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/3rd/981905p.html

375. Talkington v Atria, Case 97-1386p (CA 4, D South Carolina, 15 July 1998) (c) (fire safe cigarette case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/971386pv2.html

376. Jacobs v Agency Rent-A-Car, Case 97-8932opn, F3d (CA 11, ND Georgia, 16 July 1998) (c) (unjust discharge case, fired employee left litter, e.g., cigarette butts, in cars) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/978932man.html

377. United States v Dominic L. Miller, Case 97-3669 (CA 8, D South Dakota, 11 Aug 1998) (c) (mentally ill smoker, in half-way house, not taking medication, a search verified smoking, search was not unreasonable, motion to suppress the evidence denied) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/973669p.html

378. USA v Downs, 151 F3d 1301 (CA 10, Kansas, Case 98-3034, 11 Aug 1998) cert den 119 S Ct 1483; 143 L Ed 2d 65 (19 April 1999) (c) (marijuana distributor, smoked in car) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/983034.html

379. Richardson v. Bakery, Confectionary & Tobacco Workers Local No. 26, Case No. 98-1070, 1998 WL 514587 (CA 10, Colorado, 13 Aug 1998) (t) (employee filed civil rights action against the union, and its officials and attorney) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/981070.html

380. Brown & Williamson v Food and Drug Admin, Case 97-1604p, 153 F3d 155 (CA 4, MD North Carolina, 14 Aug 1998) (c, s, t) (denying FDA authority to regulate cigarettes, reversing lower court decision, Coyne Beahm, Inc v FDA, 966 F Supp 1374 (MD NC, 1997), and contradicting a prior Federal Circuit decision finding jurisdiction, thus prompting the Supreme Court to announce 26 April 1999 that it'll resolve the conflict between the contrary decisions. Reversal is anticipated pursuant to established Supreme Court precedent, e.g., Chevron USA v Natural Res Def Council, 467 US 837; 104 S Ct 2778 (1984) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/971604p.html

381. Hernandez v Tokai Corp, Case 97-50862 (CA 5, WD Texas, 4 Sep 1998) (c) (fire safe cigarette case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/5th/9750862cv0.html

382. USA v Marshal Case 96-3529 (CA 7, SD Illinois, 8 Sep 1998) (c) (metamphetamine case, using evidence of leather cigarette case as container) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/963529.html

383. US v Hanna, Case No. 97-3576 (CA 11, ND Fla, 10 Sep 1998) (s) (crack cocaine case, Congress' medical opinion is that smoking makes the product more addictive; court alleged it found no evidence of a discriminatory motive in so saying) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/973576man.html

384. USA v Milner, Case 98-1970 (CA 3, MD Pennsylvania, 15 Sep 1998) (c) (heroin case, with evidence including a cigarette pack with a bottle cap, which they recognized as a device used to mix heroin prior to injection) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/3rd/981970p.html

385. Webber v Crabtree, Warden, Case No. 97-36014; 158 F3d 460 (CA 9, Oregon, 8 Oct 1998) (s, t) (prison case, smokers sued to overturn a smoking ban; response is, smoking is not a right; but regardless, court allows smoking areas IAW 28 CFR 551.163(a), contrary to legal definitions and principles) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/9736014.html

386. USA v Bindley, Case No. 97-3250, 157 F3d 1235 (CA 10, Kansas, 13 Oct 1998) (c, s) (bank robbery case, intoxication issue, user can't assume that a cigarette [marijuana] is not adulterated, as, e.g., adulteration is common as oft cited judicially; wherefore defense of marijuana cigarette having been laced with PCP, not a defense, as there is no right to assume a cigarette, which the smoker knows to be illegal, was not laced with an adulterant) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/973250.html. SCB: 970 F Supp 869 (29 July 1997); cert den 119 S Ct 1086 (22 Feb 1999)

387. Philip Morris, Inc v Harshbarger, Case 98-1199 (CA 1, D Massachusetts, 6 Nov 1998) (c, t) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/1st/981199.html

388. Mita Copyster American v United States, Case 98-1203, 21 F3d 1079 (CA Fed, D CIT, 6 Nov 1998) (c) (case on tax classification for cigarette lighter parts) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/Fed/981203.html SCB 966 F Supp           recon den 994 F Supp 393

389. Whitley v Hunt, Case No. 97-40938 (CA 5, ED Texas, 23 Oct 1998) (s) (cruel and unusal punishment case, remanded due to premature dismissal) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/5th/9740938cv0.html

390. Brown & Williamson v Food and Drug Admin, Case No. 97-1604, 161 F3d 764 (CA 4, 10 Nov 1998) (t) (denying rehearing of FDA regulation case) cert gr 119 S Ct 1495; 143 L Ed 2d 650 (26 April 1999) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/971604orp.html

391. Barnes v American Tobacco Co, 161 F3d 127; Case 98-1999p (CA 3, ED Pennsylvania, 12 Nov 1998) (c, s, t) (cigarette case, affirming lower court dismissal of "class action" case, and citing, e.g., the running of the statute of limitations in certain individual cases) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/3rd/981999p.html (cert den 119 SCt 1760, 143 LEd2d 791) SCB: 984 F Supp 842; 989 F Supp 661; 176 FRD 479; 130 F3d 765

392. Barnes v American Tobacco Co, Case 98-1999a (CA 3, ED Pa, 16 Nov 1998) (c, s, t) (cigarette case, alleging that the issue, e.g., of "addiction" is not amenable to being resolved on a "class action" basis. The real truth is at my citation of the 99½% factor, i.e., smoking is [beyond a reasonable doubt, 99½%] "always" addictive, i.e., a "natural and probable consequence") http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/3rd/981999a.html

393. United States v Abdullah, Case 98-0348 (CA 6, ED Michigan, 30 Nov 1998) (c) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/6th/980348p.html

394. United States v Gregory A. Peck, Case 98-1797 (CA 8, ND Iowa, 7 Dec 1998) (c) (metamphetamine case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/8th/981797p.html

395. NLRB and United Steelworkers' of America, AFL-CIO v Roll and Hold Warehouse and, Case No. 98-1448 (CA 7, 8 Dec 1998) (s) (employer smoking ban and other issues) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/981448.html

396. US v Wells, Case No. 97-4765, F3d (CA 4, ED NC, 31 Dec 1998) (t) (tobacco fraud conspiracy case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/974765p.html

397. Peabody Coal Co and Old Republic Ins Co v Dir, Office of Workers' Comp, Case No. 97-3721 (CA 7, 20 Jan 1999) (c, s) (smoker black lung case, in processing since 1975 ). SCB: 94-BLA-2696 http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/973721.html

398. Freund Baking Co v NLRB, Case No. 96-1694 (CA DC, 22 Jan 1999) (t) (tobacco workers union bargaining case, employer alleged misconduct by it) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/DC/971694a.html

399. Brache v USA, Case 97-1575 (CA 1, Rhode Island, 22 Jan 1999) (c) (cocaine distributor case, using cigarette pack with 21 bags of cocaine) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/1st/971575.html SCB: 957 F Supp 20

400. University of Alabama v American Tobacco Co, et al, 168 F3d 405; Case No. 97-6680 (CA 11, SD Alabama, 22 Feb 1999) (t) (cigarette-disease reimbursement case for medical care provided to ill students; jurisdictional issue; courts must verify their own, and subordinates) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/976680man.html

401. Albertine Kirksey, Executor of the Estate of Curtis Kirksey v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 168 F3d 1039, Case 98-3008 (CA 7, ND Illinois, 25 Feb 1999) (c, s, t) (product liability case). SCB: 1998 WL 381972 http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/983008.html

402. Gulf & Western Indus v Ling, Dir, OWCP, Case No. 97-2107, F3d (CA 4, 13 March 1999) (s) (smoker black lung case; BLA idea re smoking as cause of condition, so what?, approve it anyway). SCB: 95-1021-BLA http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/972107p.html

403. Floyd Robinson v Thomas Page, et al, Case No. 96-4239 (CA 7, SD Ill, 16 March 1999) (s) (re multiple claims, only bar the inappropriate ones, don't dismiss all) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/964239.html 5

404. Gulf & Western Indus v Ling and Dir, OWCP, Case 97-2107 (CA 4, 19 March 1999) (c) (smoker coal miner compensation case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/972107p.html

405. Steamfitters Local Union No. 420 Welfare Fund v Philip Morris, Inc, Case No. 99-2106, 171 F3d 912 (CA 3, ED Penn, 29 March 1999) (s, t) (health care cost reimbursement case). SCB: 1998 WL 212846 http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/3rd/992106p.html

406. Furman v Wood, 169 F3d 1230 (CA 9, Oregon, 30 March 1999) (s) (teen drug user murder case, decision withdrawn) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/9736102.html

407. Laborers Local 17 Health & Benefit Fund, et al. v Philip Morris, Inc, et al, Case 98-7944, 172 F3d 223 (CA 2, SD NY, 9 April 1999) (c, s, t) (cost recovery case, for members cigarette-caused health care claims, dismissed, alleging their increased health expenses are too remote!) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/987944.html

408. NLRB v Dynatron/Bondo, 176 F3d 1310 (CA 11, Georgia, Case 98-8257, 25 May 1999) (s) (multiple issues including smoking ban, NLRB oks a ban whnever there is a hazard, emergencies justify unilateral action; union rep smoked) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/988257man.html

409. Yakama Indian Nation v State of Washington, 176 F3d 1241 (CA 9, ED Washington, Case 98-35068, 1 June 1999) (c) (cigarette tax exemption allegation case). SCB: 873 F Supp 404; 78 F3d 1400 http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/9835068.html SCB: 955 F Supp 1229

410. Clinchfield Coal Co v Fuller and OWCP, Case No. 98-1949, F3d (CA 4, 25 June 1999) (c, s) (smoker black lung case, award vacated) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/4th/981949p.html

411. Coyne and Taxpayers v American Tobacco Co, 183 F3d 488, 1999 Fed App 252P (CA 6, Ohio, 12 July 1999) (health costs recovery case)

412. Oregon Laborers-Employers Health & Welfare Trust Fund v Philip Morris, Inc, Case No. 98-36024 (CA 9, Oregon, 14 July 1999) (s, t) (cost recovery case rejected, on the pretext that "smokers . . . direct victims of the alleged wrongful conduct . . . can be counted on to vindicate the injury caused by defendants' alleged wrongful conduct . . ." (One court, Barnes, outrageously says 99½% isn't enough to act on; this speculates and fabricates 100%!, though well knowing to the contrary that an ultra-tiny percent of the 37 million casualties take remedial action). SCB: 17 F Supp 2d 1170. http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/9836024.html

413. In re International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc, Case No. 98-1517 (CA Fed, 20 July 1999) (s, t) (company asked patent office to register secret ("phantom") marks in tobacco flavorings context; patent office refused) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/Fed/981517.html

414. Jennings v BIC Corp et al, 181 F3d 1250 (CA 11, MD Fla, 22 July 1999) (c) (lighter fire, child's pajamas caught on fire, court alleges no duty to make them fire-safe) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/11th/952963man.html

415. Donald D. Lane v Hardee's Food Systems, Inc, Case 98-3935 (CA 7, SD Illinois, 22 July 1999) (c) (smoker "slip and fall" case, alleged water on restroom floor) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/983935.html

416. Muller v Costello, Case No. 98-7491 (CA 2, ND NY, 11 Aug 1999) (s) (ADA and retaliation case against nonsmoker employee, order involving obey state law, win on the retaliation aspect regardless of the ADA aspect; employee engaged in protected activity; the retaliation resulted). SCB: 997 F Supp 299 http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/987491.html

417. Owen v Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp, 187 F3d 637; 1999 WL 617968 (CA 6, 12 August 1999)

418. Laborers Local 17 Health & Benefit Fund v Philip Morris, Inc, 191 F3d 229; Docket No. 98-7944 (CA 2, NY, 18 Aug 1999) (s, t) (cost recovery case, amending 9 April decision) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/2nd/987944v2.html

419. USA v Bernard Watson, Case 97-3779 (CA 7, ND Illinois, 19 Aug 1999) (c) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/7th/973779.html

420. Furman v Wood, Case No. 97-36102 (CA 9, Oregon, 1 Sep 1999) (s) (teen drug user murder case, withdrew 169 F3d 1230) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/9th/9736102v2.html

421. Federation of Advertising Indus. Representatives, Inc v City of Chicago, 189 F3d 633; 1999 WL 682015 (CA 7, 1 Sep 1999)

422. Guidey v U. S. Tobacco Co, Inc, 188 F3d 619 (CA 5, 14 Sep 1999) (on addictive, carcinogenic effects)

423. Greater New York Metro. Food Council, Inc v Giuliani, No 99-7006, 195 F3d 100; 1999 WL 965691 (CA 2, 25 Oct 1999). SCB: 1998 WL 879721 (cigarette advertising ban case)

424. Miller v Hannigan, Warden, Case No. 97-3327 (CA 10, Kansas, nd)(s, t) (cruel and usual punishment case, institution became smoke-free by adopting a smoking ban) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/973327.html

425. Hills v Stewart, 199 F3d 1332; 1999 WL 970804 (CA 9, Ariz, 22 Oct 1999) table (no constitutional right to smoke)

426. Triplett v Apfel, Com'r, Soc Sec Admin, Case No. 97-5218 (CA 10, ND Oklahoma, nd) (s) (smoker disability case) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/975218.html

427. Riffel v Oklahoma Gas & Elec, Case No. 97-6304 (CA 10, WD Okla, nd) (s) (discrimination case, discriminatory comment was not a stray remark but symptomatic of a pattern) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/976304.html

428. Waits v Hartless, Case No. 98-1089 (CA 10, nd) (s) (smoking in prison contrary to Governor's order, appeal filed untimely) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/981089.html

429. United States v County of Cook, Illinois, Case No. 98-1181; 170 F3d 1084, 1091 (CA Fed, ND Ill, 11 March 1999) (t) (jurisdictional issues) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/Fed/981181.html

430. USA v Hindhaugh, Case 98-3096 (CA 10, D Kansas, nd) (c) (smoker driver arrested for marijuana distribution; officers recognized that lack of rental papers is a sign of hiding rental origin; quick smoking is a sign of masking alcohol and drug odors) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/983096.html after 149 F3d

431. Fromme v Apfel, Case 98-7098 (CA 10, ED Oklahoma, nd) (c) (SSI denial case, injuries included cigarette burns) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/987098.html

432. United States v Meredith, Case No. 99-3079 (CA 10, Kansas, nd) (t) (tax case alleging retaliation for freedom of speech on corporate hog farming and tobacco litigation) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/993079.html

433. Hasting v Apfel, Comm'r, Soc Sec Admin, Case No. 98-5094 (CA 10, ND Oklahoma, nd) (s) (smoker SSI disability case due to lung disease) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/985094.html

434. Johnson v Saffle, Case No. 98-6225; 166 F3d 1221; 1998 WL 792071; 98 CJAR 5315 (CA 10, Oklahoma, 15 Oct 1998) (s) (prisoner lawsuit opposing smoking ban, dismissed as frivolous, evading the smoking-crime link. SCB: D.C. No. 98-CV-379, 12 May 1998) http://laws.findlaw.com/uscircs/10th/986225.html

435. Lindsey v Tacoma-Pierce County Health Dep't, 195 F3d 1065 (CA 9, 19 Nov 1999) (business practices case on cigarette advertising). SCB: 8 F Supp 2d 1225

436. Amendola v R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, 198 F3d 244; 1999 WL 1111515 (CA 6, 24 November 1999)

437. Duncan v Northwest Airlines, Case No. 98-35617; 208 F3d 1112 (CA 9, Wash, 6 April 2000) (flight attendant second-hand smoke injury case)

438. Hise v Philip Morris, Inc, 208 F3d 226 (CA 10, Okla, 17 Feb 2000). SCB: 46 F Supp 2d 1201 (smokers challenging the states' case settlement under anti-trust law)

439. Consolidated Cigar Corp v Thomas Reilly, Attorney General of Massachusetts, 218 F3d 30 (CA 1, Mass, 17 July 2000). SCB: 76 F Supp 3d 124; 84 F Supp 2d 180

440. Rev. Jesse Brown et al v Philip Morris et al, Case No 99-1931, ___ F3d ___ (CA 3, ED Penn, 17 May 2001). SCB: ED Pa, 23 Sep 1999 (issue of targeting minorities)

441. Philip Morris, et al v Reilly, Atty Gen, Massachusetts, ___ F3d ___ (CA 1, 16 Oct 2001) (upholding Massachusetts Tobacco Ingredients and Nicotine Yield Act; opposition to disclosure dates back a century)

442. Star Scientific, Inc v Virginia Atty Gen Randolph A. Beales, __ F3d __ (CA 4, Va, 22 Jan 2002) SCB: __ F Supp 2d __ (March 2001) (challenge to AG cost settlement)

443. Betty Jean Myers v Philip Morris Companies, Inc., et al., 239 F3d 1029 (CA 9, ___); Cal Case No. S095213; 28 Cal 4th 828; 123 Cal Rptr 2d 40; 50 P3d 751 (5 Aug 2002) (decision ending tobacco pusher immunity from litigation) (TPLP Analysis)

444. Alvarado v Litscher, 267 F3d 648 (CA 7, Wisconsin, _________ 2001) (smoke-free prison case)

445. U. S. v Reynaldo Miravalles, 280 F3d 1328 (CA 11, Fla, 29 Jan 2002) (counterfeit cigar labels case)

446. Jamie Reilly v [State of Michigan] Henry Grayson, Chris Daniels, and Joseph Cross, 2002 FED App 0397P; 310 F3d 519 (CA 6, 18 Nov 2002). SCB: 157 F Supp 2d 762 (smoke free air, prison case)

447. Flue-Cured Tobacco Coop. Stabilization Corp v United States EPA, 313 F3d 852 (CA 4, 11 Dec 2002). SCB: 857 F Supp 1137; 4 F Supp 2d 435

448. Abid M. Husain Estate v Olympic Airways, ___ F3d ___ (CA 9, 12 Dec 2002) (context). SCB: 110 F Supp 2d 1234

449. Atkinson v Taylor, et al., 316 F3d 257 (CA 3, Delaware, ______ 2003) (smoke-free prison case)

450. Beverly J. Rauen v U. S. Tobacco Mfg. Ltd. Partnership, 319 F3d 891 (CA 7, 10 Feb 2003). SCB: 161 F Supp 2d 899 and 2001 WL 1223529 (employer case)

451. Tompkin v Philip Morris USA, Inc, 2004 Fed App 0091P (CA 6, ND Ohio, 30 March 2004)

452. G. Steven Rowe, Attorney General of Maine v New Hampshire Motor Transport Association, 448 F. 3d 66 (CA __, ______). SCB: 301 F Supp 2d 38.

. . . .

United States v Altria Group, et al (22 May 2009) (upholding August 2006 district court racketeering decision against tobacco companies under federal anti-racketeering law 18 USC 1961 et seq) (See analyis at ASH and legal brief background)

. . . .

Gallagher v City of Clayton, 699 F. 3d 1013 (CA 8, 8 Nov 2012) (rejecting smoker arguments against outdoor smoking ban)

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