Welcome to some classic articles on tobacco effects, early exposés of the dangers of tobacco, facts you don't normally find in the mass media, due to the tobacco taboo.
Tobacco pushers and their accessories conceal the breadth of tobacco effects, the enormity of the tobacco holocaust, and the long record of documentation.
The concealment process is called the "tobacco taboo." Other pertinent words are "censorship" and "disinformation."
The classic tobacco effects articles constitute early exposés of tobacco dangers. They cite facts you don't normally ever see, due to the "tobacco taboo."
The phrase "tobacco taboo" is the term for the pro-tobacco censorship policy—to not report most effects of tobacco.
As you will see, information about the tobacco danger was being circulated long, long before the famous 1964 Surgeon General Report. Be prepared.
|1.—Fontanelle's 'Tobacco Poisoning' (1836)||Fontanelle|
|2.—"Physiological Indictment" (1904)||Am. Med.|
|3.—Carter's "Alcohol and Tobacco" (1906)||Carter|
|4.—Gray's "Boy and Cigarette Habit" (1909)||Gray|
|Guide des Travaux Pratiques de Chimie à l'école de Médecine de Paris (Paris: Société d''éditions Scientifiques, 1893, 1894)
Manuel Préparatoire aux Examens de Chirurgien-dentiste: Rédigé suivant le Programme de la Faculté de Médecine de Paris, et suivi d'un Questionnaire (Paris: Société d'éditions Scientifiques, 1897)
Physiologie, Physique Biologique, Chimie Biologique; Programme & Questionnaire avec Réponses en 10 Leçons (Paris, Société d'éditions Scientifiques, 1898)
Pour nos Enfants; Conseils d'hygiène Physique et Morale (Paris, Société d'éditions Scientifiques, 1898)
Le Tabac, Conférence faite à l'Université Populaire (Paris, Société contre l'Abus du Tabac, 1901)
Le Tabagisme & son Traitement: Revue des Principaux moyens employés pour Combattre la Tabacomanie, et les Accidents Causés par l'abus du Tabac (Paris: Société contre l'Abus du Tabac, 1902)
Étude Médico-psychologique sur Edgar Poe (Lyon, A. Storck, 1905; and Paris; Lyon: A. Maloine, 1906)
Les "Petit" Medecins (Etude Historique) (Paris: 1912)
Essai sur une Variété de Pseudo-hallucinations: Les Auto Représentations Aperceptives (Bordeaux: Y. Cadoret, 1913)
And see background on French anti-smoking observations, research and activism in that era, cited by Meta Lander, The Tobacco Problem (1882), pages
For more data from that era on tobacco's depopulation impact, see Dr. Hippolyte Adéon Depierris (1810-1889), Physiologie Sociale: Le Tabac, Qui Contient Le Plus Violent des Poisons, La Nicotine Abrége-t-il l'Existence? Est-il Cause de la Dégénérescence Physique et Morale des Sociétés Modernes? (Paris, Dentu, 1876, reprinted and edited, E. Flammarion, 1898) and his La Tabac et la Famille: Il Cause la Rareté et la Sterilité des mariages, la Débilité Native et la Mortalité des Enfants, la Dépopulation des Pays (Paris: E. Dentu, 1881).
Modern French writings on tobacco include the following:
|Ed. Note: "When something 'new' in medical literature is published, it is a wise precaution to read previous literature on the subject—that 'something new' may not really be new."—Alison B. Froese and Prof. A. Charles Bryan, "High Frequency Ventilation," 123 Am Rev Resp Dis (#3) 249-250 (March 1981).|
Tobacco-caused deterioration, personal and national, has long been reported, as per a lengthy list of references.
and by its aid overcame the timidity which, in the presence of strangers, arrested his unrivalled powers as a conversationalist.
the two evils will react upon and aggravate each other, and that the effects of self-poisoning [Ed. Note: compounded by TTS toxic chemicals] will be increased and accentuated by those of structural degeneration.
|Ed. Note: See modern verifying analyses:
Chicago Study, 43,000 health professionals, eating 3-5 oz. fish 1-3 times weekly, 43% fewer strokes in 12-year followup period (24 Dec 2002)
Adler, Jerry and Anne Underwood, "Starve Your Way to Health," Newsweek pp 51-52, 54 (21 Jan 2004) (citing 1930's - present beginning with Cornell's "Clive McCay [who] discovered that food-deprived rats lived longer and looked younger than those who ate normally" (51) and Prof. Brian Delaney (President, California Calorie Restriction Society), 5'11" 139 lbs, 1800 calorie diet, 2 meals a day; "reduce food intake by roughly a third, while maintaining adequate nutrition, and life span goes up by about 30 percent . . . in theory make it past 150 [years of age], but citing Dr. Michael Alderman, "The most powerful determinant of longesvity was exercise" (p 52).
"Being overweight does increase health risks." "The cumulative evidence is now even stronger," says Dr. Michael Thun, Chief Epidemiologist, American Cancer Society, cited in "Even a few extra pounds risky: Study says little room for denial," The Macomb Daily, p 2A (23 Aug 2006), pursuant to data by:
See also Dr. John Burdell's 1848 'six-hours-between meals' advice, p 12, and his food chart, p 27.
And see Eating Well Editors, "Add years to your life with these 7 anti-aging superfoods" (Jewish World Review, 25 June 2013), citing olive oil, yogurt, fish, chocolate, nuts, wine, and blueberries. Compare with Dr. Joel Fuhrman's emphasis on immunity-system builders: 1. Greens, 2. Onions, 3. Mushrooms (cooked), 4. Berries, 5. Beans, 6. Seeds, cited in his book Super Immunity.
Jim Pierce, "The Biggest Fat Loss Myths EXPOSED!" (6 August 2013) (". . . Although exercise reduces your cardiovascular risk by a factor of three, too much vigorous exercise, such as marathon running, actually increases your cardiac risk by seven, according to a study presented at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress 2010 in Montreal. ")
The human body is 90% composed of water, a 1:9 food - water ratio.
|Ed. Note: See Prof. Bruce Fink's more complete 1915 analysis.|
There is perhaps some foundation for the belief that strenuous and continued exertion of the intellectual faculties may resemble bodily activity in its power to increase the demands of the system, and thus to produce tolerance of what would ordinarily be alimentary or alcoholic excess. It is said that Lord Chancellor Eldon drank a bottle of port wine every week-day during many successive years; and that every Sunday, when his brother, Lord Stowell, dined with him, they each drank two. Their ages at death were respectively eighty-seven and ninety-four.
|I entirely agree with you in the opinion you express about alcohol as an article of diet. I think to a large class of persons in the climate of England it is indispensable, and I know many remarkable cases in confirmation of your own experience of the attempt to abstain wholly from alcohol. On the other hand, I think there are large classes of persons, in other more favored and in tropical climates, who may ahd do abstain from alcohol with advantage to their health.|
of a great majority of moderate drinkers, of a minority of sots, and of another minority of teetotallers.
|"Wine measurably drunk and in season bringeth gladness of the heart and cheerfulness of the mind; but wine drunken with excess . . . diminisheth strength and maketh wounds." [Ecclesiasticus 31:36, 38.]|
"two-thirds of the national drink bill is incurred by the working man,"and also, as a rider to this statement, that
"he is often lazy, unthrifty, improvident, sometimes immoral, foul-mouthed, and untruthful."
|"the general laborers of London are an unhealthy body of men. At all age groups, their death-rates are in excess of those of occupied males in London, and are therefore much more in excess of the standard rates. The comparative mortality figure of London laborers exceeds the average among occupied males in London by 23 per cent; and, when compared with the standard figure for occupied males generally the excess among London laborers is as much as 48 per cent."|
|Ed. Note: James Parton|
had said the same in 1868.
|Ed. Note: Thomas Edison agreed with Dr. Carter's "permanent diminution" data, and cited permanent tobacco-caused brain damage eight years later, in 1914.|
|Ed. Note: Record cited by Meta Lander (1882) and Dr. John H. Kellogg (1922).|
|Ed. Note: See related data by Dr. John Hinds, pages 94-95 (1882) and Prof. Bruce Fink, pages 11-17 and 67-71 (1915).|
|Glaucoma: Its Causes, Symptoms, Pathology, and Treatment (London: J. & A. Churchill, 1879)
"Erasmus Wilson Lectures on the Pathology of Glaucoma," 1 Brit Med J (#1475-1478) ___- ___ (6-27 April 1889)
On the Pathology and Treatment of Glaucoma, Being a Revised Publication, with Additions, of the Erasmus Wilson Lectures, Delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons of England, in March, 1889 (London, J. & A. Churchill, 1891, 1900, 1970, 1979, 1983)
"The Ingleby Lectures on the Mechanism of Binocular Vision and the Causes of Strabismus 1 Brit Med J (# 1851-1852) ___-___ (20-27 June 1896)
"The Bowman Lecture on the Etiology and Educative Treatment of Convergent Strabismus," 2 Brit Med J (#1957) ___-___ (2 July 1898)
|Ed. Note: Carter was writing in 1906. See the vast research on tobacco-caused nerve/brain damage thereafter.|
|Ed. Note: This 1906 data confirms the precision of medical research on causation processes.|
|Ed. Note: See references at our preventbraindamage.htm website.|
|Ed. Note: See Dr. Ochsner's 1954 chemical-quantities analysis.|
When I see good work of any kind, produced by a man who is dependent upon tobacco, I am apt to remember Lord Nelson's injunction.
|Ed. Note: Carter understates the TTS toxic chemicals danger: "'Every regular cigarette smoker is injured . . . Cigarette smoking kills some, makes others lung cripples, gives still others far more than their share of illness and loss of work days. Cigarette smoking is not a gamble; all regular cigarette smokers studied at autopsy show the effects.'"—The FTC Report 1968, cited in A. A. White (Law Prof, Univ of Houston), "Strict Liability of Cigarette Manufacturers and assumption of Risk," 29 Louisiana Law Rev (#4) 589-625, at 607 n 85 (June 1969).|
|Ed. Note: Here Carter unfortunately reflects that era's bias on women. Carter's next words disregard the medical evidence on tobacco-induced brain damage, as the source of the 'soothing' effect. Carter cannot, despite such medical fact, overcome that era's anti-woman cultural bias, per the label of ". . . I have always felt [it] 'womanish.' . . ."|
|R. Brudenell Carter.|
|grade, 189 from the first grade, 146 from the fourth, 47 from the fifth, 140 from the sixth, only 4 from the seventh, and 1 from the eighth. The boys who were in the sixth, seventh and eighth grades did not smoke cigarettes.
"The habitual truant, as a rule, is a dull pupil and backward in his grade. His physical and mental defects are caused partly by heredity, partly by environment and lack of nourishing food, partly by his cigarette smoking. The habitual truant almost invariably is addicted to the use of cigarettes. Truancy is the cradle of crime. A box of cigarettes and a nickel library can easily make a truant, and such truant, poisoned in mind and body, is the future enemy of society.
"There are very few girl truants. A truant boy's sister has the same lack of nourishing food, the same environment; but the boy smokes cigarettes and the girl does not, and the girl goes to school. Now there is a contrast for you. The girl is usually up in her grade, and the boy is not. He is behind because he is dull. He frequently fails to be promoted. He makes little or no progress. Finally he gets to be so much larger and older than the other children in the grade he is in that he is ashamed and does not want to stay in school any longer, and therefore he becomes a truant. Why is he dull? That is the question. I think cigarettes contribute in a measure to his mental and physical condition.
" There is just as much cigarette smoking among the spoiled children of the rich as there is among the neglected children of the poor. Notwithstanding the laws against furnishing cigarettes to minors, cigarette smoking is on the increase among the school children of Chicago and elsewhere. It is increasing among society women, too.
"I would favor any legislation that would suppress the smell of the cigarette even if, to do it, it is necessary to suppress the sale [Ed. Note: see Iowa's example] and even if that is the only remedy! I think suppressing the smell of the cigarette would be justifiable legislation."—W. L. Bodine, Superintendent of Compulsory Education, Chicago.
|"The opinions expressed in that address have become more intensified and firmly fixed than ever by my experience during the last four years with boys who use cigarettes.
"Since the Juvenile Court was established here a little more than a year and a half ago, I have had before me 1,540 boys and girls—mostly boys—charged with offenses against law. These charges covered the entire list of offenses known to the law in Indiana, from the most trivial misdemeanor to the greatest of crimes. In inquiring into the causes that have brought about such a great increase in the number of offenses against the law in the last few years by boys, I have reached the conclusion that, aside from the frailties and weaknesses that afflict humanity and that are likely to develop into crime, especially where there is lack of parental control or where the parents themselves belong to the ignorant or vicious classes, by far the most potent factor is the cigarette habit. . . . I have found that in nearly every case where the offense charged was of a grievous, criminal or degrading and debasing nature, the defendant was a user of cigarettes. . . . Cigarette fiends come to think that an education is unnecessary and all kinds of work a nuisance.
"I have had boys before me who had sold their own clothes, and in one case a boy of about fourteen had stolen his mother's dress skirt and had even stolen the blankets off her bed and sold them to a secondhand dealer to get money for cigarettes. Many mothers have told me of their boys having taken articles out of the house to sell in order that their craving appetite for cigarettes might be satisfied. One had taken a chair, another had taken pictures, and one in the course of a few months had
|almost denuded the house, taking the furniture piece by piece while his mother was away from home at her work.
"Men who oppose legislation prohibiting the use of cigarettes base their opposition on the point that such legislation is an infringement upon their personal liberty, but
|"In this institution we have over a thousand boys, most of whom were cigarette smokers at the time they were committed here. I do not mean to say that they were committed for smoking cigarettes, but most of them had the habit. I believe that cigarettes are injurious in every way: they dwarf the body, dull the intellect, and numb the sense of good morals. Boys having this habit do not seem to appreciate the difference between right and wrong. After these boys are committed here and consequently have no further opportunity to smoke, they seem to take on a better moral tone. Cigarette smoking is indirectly responsible for a great deal of crime and the cause of a large number of boys being sent to this school."—C. B. Adams, Superintendent of The Boys Industrial School, Lancaster, Ohio.|
Other Writings on Tobacco Effects
by Dr. John Lizars (1859)
Tobacco and Its Effects: Report
to the Wisconsin Board of Health
by G. F. Witter, M.D. (1881)
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