|Welcome to the book The Tobacco Problem (1882), by Meta Lander. To go to the "Table of Contents" immediately, click here.
Tobacco pushers and their accessories in politics conceal the breadth of tobacco effects, the enormity of the tobacco holocaust, and the long record of documentation.
The concealment process is called the "tobacco taboo." Other pertinent words are "censorship" and "disinformation."
Here is the text by Margaret Woods Lawrence (1813-1901) [pen name, Meta Lander] of an early exposé (1882) of tobacco dangers. It cites facts you don't normally ever find reported, due to the "tobacco taboo."
The phrase "tobacco taboo" is the term for the pro-tobacco media's censorship policy—to not report most facts about tobacco.
Mrs. Lawrence worked with her son, Rev. Edward A. Lawrence, in developing the book, as clergy in that era, were, for Biblical reasons, often active against tobacco.
As you will see, information about the tobacco danger was already being circulated in 1882, 82 years before the famous 1964 Surgeon General Report. Be prepared.
The Tobacco Problem
by Meta Lander
[pen name; Margaret Woods Lawrence]
(Boston: Lee and Shepard,
1882, 6th ed, 1885)
MY YOUNG COUNTRYWOMEN
I DEDICATE THIS BOOK,
BECAUSE THE SOLUTION OF THE TOBACCO PROBLEM
LIES VERY MUCH IN YOUR HANDS.
A CAUSE WHICH AIMS TO LIFT SO FEARFUL A
BURDEN, TO REMOVE SO TERRIBLE AN
EVIL, IS WORTHY OF YOUR WARMEST
EFFORTS, YOUR MOST
MY YOUNG COUNTRYWOMEN
I DEDICATE THIS BOOK,
BECAUSE THE SOLUTION OF THE TOBACCO PROBLEM
|"I do not place my individual self in opposition to tobacco, but science, in the form of physiology and hygiene, is opposed to it; and science is the expression of God's will in the government of his work in the universe."
"Every interest of purity, dignity, and honor should lead every woman and every maiden to set her face and her whole example against everything that is of the passions, everything that is of the appetites, which leads into peril."
BY BISHOP HUNTINGTON, OF CENTRAL NEW YORK.
Table of Contents
|Prefatory by Dr. Parker||v|
|Author's Preface To 5th Edition||vii|
|Introductory to 6th Edition, by Bishop Huntington||xiii|
|PHYSICAL AND INTELLECTUAL VIEW||59|
|SOCIAL AND ÆSTHETIC VIEW||201|
|MORAL AND SPIRITUAL VIEW||267|
|TOBACCO INDICTED AND TRIED||335|
THE AMERICAN ONE MAN ANTI-TOBACCO SOCIETY.
"'I preached to Baptist friends in the morning on the text, "Whether ye eat or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God [I Cor. 10:31]," and showed them they could not glorify him by using tobacco. "I addressed three Sunday-schools at noon, and showed the boys that tobacco leads to idleness, poverty, strong drink, vice, ill health, insanity and death. "I preached to the Congregationalists in West Brattleboro in the afternoon on the text, "That which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God [Luke 16:15]," showing them that men highly esteemed tobacco, but God abhorred it. "I lectured in the evening in the town hall to a noble body of young men on the destructive effects of tobacco.'"
|Ed. Note: Click here for background on smokers' impaired reasoning.|
"The project of converting the world by the Gospel of Christ, by the power of the Holy Ghost, and by man's free agency is not a humbug, but a natural, scriptural, glorious, project eclipsing every other. The idea of converting the world whilst rum, opium, and tobacco are its masters, is a humbug."
|Ed. Note: See Rev. Trask's 1860 book, Letters on Tobacco for American Lads.|
The Substance of a Lecture on the Pernicious Properties & Injurious Effects of tobacco (London: W. Tweedie, 1853)
To smokers!: Medical and Non-medical, the Following Sermon, Delivered at Ewing Place Chapel, Glasgow, is Respectfully Dedicated (London: Manchester: Glasgow: F. Pitman; W. Bremmer; G. Gallie, Glass & Duncan, 1860, 1869)
Reynolds's "Counterblast" (London: Pitman, 1862)
Fifty-four Objections to Tobacco [with Dr. Thomas Hodgkin (1798-1866)] (London, S.W. Partridge, 1862)
Smoke Not: The Substance of a Lecture Delivered to the Pupils at Totteridge Park, Herts, Under the Presidency of Their Preceptor, R. Wilkinson (London: Elliot Stock, 1866)
Smoke Not!: A Lecture Delivered to the Students at the Wesleyan College, Didsbury (Manchester: Micklem, 1867)
Smoking: A Sure Sign of England's Future Decline (London: F. Pitman, 1873)
Revelations about Tobacco: A Prize Essay on the History of Tobacco, and its Physical Action on the Human Body, Through its Various Modes of Employment with:Brewer, Hampton., and others (London: F. Pitman, 1875)
Reynold's "Counterblast,": With Prefatory Remarks by the Late Robert Charleton: Fifty-four Objections to Tobacco: With a Preface by the late Dr. Hodgkin: to Which is Appended Fifty Medical Opinions on Tobacco Smoking: Dedicated to Henry Pease (London: Pitman, 1876)
L'Alimentation Par la Viande de Cheval (Paris, Asselin, 1864)
L'Ami de la Maison: Entretiens sur l'Hygiène: Les Dangers du Tabac: Fondation d'une Association Française Contre l'Abus du Tabac (Bruxelles: Charles Lelong, 1868)
Analogies entre le Choléra et la Peste Bovine (Paris: Asselin, 1872)
De l'Usage du Tabac dans l'Armée. Les Militaires Fumeurs Font-ils un Meilleur Service Que les Militaires Non-fumeurs? (Paris, Société Contre l'Abus du Tabac, 1878)
Recherches Expérimentales Sur la Viande de Cheval et Sur les Viandes Insalubres au Point de Vue de l'Alimentation Publique (Paris, 1885)
Le Tabac Devant l'Hypnotisme et la Suggestion: Communication Fait à la Séance d'élections de la Sociéte Contre l'Abus du Tabac, le 3 Décembre 1887 (Paris: La Sociéte, 1888)
De l'Usage du Tabac dans l'Armée (Paris: La Société Contre l'Abus du Tabac, 1894)
Avantages de l'Hippophagie (Paris: 1895)
Le Tabac et la Dépopulation de la France (Paris: Société Contre l'Abuse du Tabac, 1892) (topic cited by Am Med, pp 680-681 (23 April 1904)
The Use of Tobacco by the Clergy
Recherches sur la Typhlite et la Pérityphlite Consécutive (Paris: Baillière, 1868)
Recherches Physiologiques et Cliniques sur la Nicotine et le Tabac; Précédées d'une Introduction sur la Méthode Expérimentale en Thérapeutique (Paris: Germer-Baillière, 1870)
Discours sur l'Éducation Physique prononeé à la Chambre des Députés (Paris: Imp. des Journaux Officiels, 1888)
|For more references on tobacco in Army context, see,|
e.g., pp 31, 114, 130, 144, 190, 289, and 362.
See also reference to Army policy against enlisting
smokers during the 1898 Spanish American War.
Physiologie Sociale. Le Tabac, Qui Contient le Plus Violent des Poisons, la Nicotine; Abrége-t-il l'Existence? Est-il Cause de la Dégénérescence Physique et Morale des Sociétés Modernes? (Paris: Dentu, 1876)
La Vérité sur le Tabac, le Plus Violent des Poisons, la Nicotine: Résumé de la Physiologie Sociale du Dr. H.A. Depierris: Le Tabac Abrége-t-il l'Existence? Est-il Cause de la Dégénérescence Physique et Morale des Sociétés Modernes? (Paris: E. Dentu & J. Baillière, 1880)
La Tabac et la Famille: Il Cause la Rareté et la Stérilite des Mariages, la Débilité Native et la Mortalité des Enfants, la Dépopulation des Pays (Paris: E. Dentu, 1881)
Truth on Tobacco; Its History and its Effects. Extract from Dr. Depierris' Social Physiology, Paris, 1876 (San Francisco: A.L. Bancroft & Co., 1881)
La Prise de Tabac: Son Origine et ses Effets: Extrait de la Physiologie Sociale (Paris: E. Dentu, 1882)
The Tobacco Nuisance, by Robert Wilson
Tobacco and its History, by Robert A. H. Morrow
|Ed Note: Real Cause: Tobacco|
|"After protracted discussions, as the sessions of the convention were drawing to a close, a committee appointed early in the deliberations came forward and through their chairman, the Asiatic Leopard, reported the following resolutions." Of these resolutions I can give only one:
"6. Resolved, that we now pledge ourselves, by touching noses, that we will entirely abstain from
|all beverages but water; that we nauseate the poisonous weed called tobacco; that we will discountenance their use by other animals, and that we will do all in our power to increase their use among men as the surest means of their ruin, and the only hope of preventing them from gaining the entire control of the whole animal kingdom."|
|"The views that I held, and which you did me the honor to quote in 'The Tobacco Problem,' [earlier edition] as to the prejudicial influence of tobacco upon the growth and development of adolescents, the result of five years of close observations of cadets at the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, during the period of my duty in charge of the Medical Department of that institution (1875-1880), I still hold in undiminished degree.
"I am more than ever convinced that the use of tobacco by adolescents should be vigorously interdicted in every educational or other establishment in which the young are under disciplinary control, and I further believe that the sale of cigarettes, or other forms of tobacco, to minors, should be prohibited by legislation."
"But one of the most fruitful branches of our work is the organization of the Anti-Cigarette League, now in its second year. This League was started in New York by a member of the Board of Education, and has spread rapidly all over the United States and taken root in European countries. The League is organized in the public school under the direction of the school teacher so far as possible, the pupils____________
"Not long since a father told me that some years ago one of his boys began to smoke, and he kindly tried to persuade him to give it up. The boy replied, 'Father, our minister
smokes; the deacons smoke; the Sunday School superintendent smokes; my teacher smokes, and why not I?' So he continued smoking, and now, having ruined his constitution, his father is obliged to care for him.
"Another father recently wrote me, saying, "My little boy of nine came home last Sunday from school and said, 'Father, there is to be a sale at our school and the teacher asked us little boys to bring some cigarettes and make a parcel to sell.' Such cases make our work very difficult. "After more than thirty years of temperance work with the young, I can call to mind but one boy that took to smoking who did not afterwards take to drinking. This question should be very prominent with temperance and Sunday School workers, for nothing robs them of their powers so much as tobacco. Their inconsistency is, in my opinion, the cause of their limited success. Yet in spite of all these obstacles, we are, without doubt, making progress in some directions."
"My conviction of the unmingled benefits accruing to the graduates of the Military Academy by the prohibition of tobacco is absolute. The character and amount of work has gained steadily and the number of non-smokers among the graduate officers of the army is surprisingly large, if the percentage among those serving at this institution is a fair criterion."
My dear Mrs. Lawrence:
QUANTITY AND COST.
"Every person who shall smoke, or have in his or her possession any lighted pipe or cigar in any street, lane, or passage-way, or on any wharf, in said city, shall forfeit and pay, for each and every offence, the sum of two dollars."
"And, further, if any person shall have in his or her possession, in any ropewalk, or barn, or stable,
any fire, lighted pipe or cigar, the person so offending shall forfeit and pay, for each offence, a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, nor less than twenty dollars."
There are clergymen that have had experience in this line who feel that the time a minister spends in a tobacco-region is virtually wasted.
"The raising of tobacco has cursed our fair valley. Hatfield, for instance, some twenty years ago the richest town in the State according to its population, early entered into the craze for gain through tobacco-raising. As a result nearly everyone has failed financially. But far worse,—our farmers, who once declared, 'I would cut off my right hand rather than engage in such business,' seeing their neighbors—at the outset—growing rich, gradually choked conscience and became absorbed in the traffic. This has demoralized the people and paralyzed the church. The spiritual death resting upon our valley may to a great extent be traced to this cause."
"While my old homestead in Hadley, Mass., lies on the Connecticut River, where the alluvial soil is particularly favorable for profitable tobacco crops, I have never allowed a plant of it to be raised on the farm. There is an extraordinary fact connected with the culture there, which is attested by intelligent residents of the town. Since 1855 enormous harvests of tobacco have been raised and carried off every year,—hundreds of thousands of pounds. Yet, by the working of some mysterious law, not one dollar can be found to show for it in all the property investments or scenery of the entire population."
"My statement was, I believe, literally and indisputably true, that the farmers of Old Hadley have, for a quarter of a century, been planting, raiding, and gathering tobacco as the principal crop of the soil; yet that there is in the whole town not one visible sign of improvement, enrichment, thrift, or prosperity to show for it. In all these respects the town, from end to end and side to side, has lost rather than gained. It is not strange that you are perplexed by a fact so paradoxical. So am I. The mystery has sometimes struck me as containing a silent judgment of God on the abuse of his ground."
"Take the land, the sunshine, the rain which God gives vou, and set them all at work to grow tobacco; throw this, as your product, into the world's market; buy with it bread, clothing, and shelter, books for yourselves, instruction for your children, consideration in the community, and perchance the gospel of grace; pay ever and everywhere, for the good you get, tobacco, only tobacco—tobacco, that nourishes no man, clothes no man, instructs no man, purifies no man, blesses no man; tobacco,
"that begets inordinate and loathsome appetite and disease and degradation, that impoverishes and debases thousands and adds incalculably to the burden of evil the world bears; but call not this exchange honest trade, or this gnawing at the root of social well-being getting an honest livelihood. Think of God's justice, the honesty he requires, and cover not your sin with a lie. Turn not His earth and air, given to minister to the sustenance and joy of man, into a narcotic, deadening life and poisoning its current, and then traffic with this for your own good."
3200 Reina Cigars||$ 400.00
||3600 Concha Cigars|| 594.00
||2000 Londres Cigars|| 340.00
||1500 Domestic Cigars|| 120.00
||17 pounds Gravely Tobacco|| 11.20
||1 gross Fine Cut|| 9.00
||1000 Lone Fisherman Cigarettes|| 6.00
||1000 Richmond Gem Cigarettes|| 6.50
PHYSICAL AND INTELLECTUAL VIEW.
NICOTINE POISONING; EXPERIMENTS; FACTS.
quickens the respiration, and excites the muscular system; but its ultimate effect is general exhaustion. As administered in even the minutest doses, the results are alarming and in a larger quantity will occasion a man's death in from two to five minutes."
"I have cited thus fully from Taylor on Poisons, because he is a recognized authority in courts, and no one can charge him with being a temperance fanatic. The principles he has gathered and discussed in his book are constantly referred to, and are largely the guide of our judges in passing upon the questions of the liberty, life, and death of our citizens."
|Ed. Note: Others citing
rock goats' tobacco use:
Benjamin Lane (1845)
George Trask (1860)
But see Dr. Alcott's denial.
"If we wish at any time to prostrate the powers of life in the most sudden and awful manner, we have but to administer a dose of tobacco and our object is accomplished."
"The effect on the heart is not caused by direct action, but by paralyzing the minute vessels which form the batteries of the nervous system. The heart, freed from their control, increases the rapidity of its strokes, with an apparent accession, but real waste of force."
"The effect of tobacco on the glandular system is not less evil than on the nervous. If there is any tuberculous tendency, this enemy searches it out, excites it, and sends its victim to the grave by rapid stages. Whatever weak spot there is in the constitution, this insidious thief creeps into, mining and sapping about it until the fabric crumbles into dust. In some stages of its action, it excites the passions abnormally, and later they are deadened as unnaturally."
"The profession have no idea of the ignorance of the public regarding the nature of tobacco. Even intelligent, well-educated men stare in astonishment when you tell them that it is one of the most powerful poisons. Now, is this right? Has the medical profession done its duty? Ought we not, as a body, to have told the public that, of all our poisons, it is the most insidious, uncertain, and, in full doses, the most deadly?
"What a blessing it would have been to mankind if all men had shrunk from this plague of the brain as did the first Napoleon! One inhalation was enough. In disgust, he exclaimed, 'Ob, the swine! my stomach turns.'
"In the course of my practice I have met with many who, like myself, have abandoned smoking. I have never found one who does not assert most positively that he has been in better health since, and that his intellectual activity has increased. I may be mistaken, but I believe that our greatest men, statesmen, lawyers, warriors, physicians, and surgeons, have either not been smokers, or, if smokers, that they have died prematurely."
In 1862 the French Emperor Louis Napoleon [1852-1870], learning that paralysis and insanity had increased with the increase of the tobacco revenue, ordered an examination of the schools and colleges, and finding that the average standing in both scholarship and character was lower among those who used the weed than among the abstainers, issued an edict forbidding its use in all the national institutions.
This decision-pattern evidences Louis Napoleon's typical smoker abulia.
"Our inquiries have extended to three groups of educational establishments, viz.: primary, secondary, and higher, or special schools. Whether the use of tobacco is entirely prohibited, or only indulged in surreptitiously, or on going-out days, or permitted under certain restrictions, and consequently more largely practised, the figures show that it affects the quality of the studies in a constant ratio, and this influence is more marked in the different establishments where tobacco is more extensively used."
"Functional derangement of the digestive, circulatory, and nervous systems, manifesting themselves in the form of headache, confusion of intellect, loss of memory, impaired power of attention, lassitude, indisposition to muscular effort, nausea, want of appetite, dyspepsia, palpitation, tremulousness, disturbed sleep, impaired vision, etc., any one of which materially lessens the capacityfor study and application. "The Board are of opinion, therefore, that the regulations against the use of tobacco in any form cannot be too stringent."
"I verily believe that the mental force, power of labor, and endurance of our profession is decreased at least twenty-five per cent by the use of tobacco. Its poisonous and narcotic effects reduce the power of the vital organs and tend to paralyze them, while the useless consumption of time and money takes away twenty-five per cent of the working hours, if it does not consume the same amount of the earnings."
"At the very first the use of tobacco is a dreadful disgust. It is even worse than this. It inflicts upon its future victim a nausea, a retching, a vomiting, a headache, to which the horrors of seasickness are not to be compared. There is the blue upper lip, the livid, ghastly hue of the face, the eye like that of a dead fish, the limbs limp and powerless, a violent and painful vomiting, every symptom of death, which it would soon be in reality if the unutterable horror of the suffering did not compel the poor fool to postpone the attempt to become a man in that way. Here endeth the first lesson.
"The silly youth resolves always that he will never touch tobacco again, and holds to his purpose until he has entirely recovered from the effects of the first lesson. Then he sees other youngsters like himself who have succeeded in conquering their disgust at tobacco. They have done it. Why not he? They laugh at him as white-livered; they assure him that the worst of it will be over in a few days, or, at most, in a few weeks. They strut through the streets or in other public places so grandly; they have such a manly way with them; there is such a grace in their style of holding the cigar between finger and
|thumb, and striking off the ashes with the little finger. When they put the cigar into their mouths again, it is with such a flourish, and their heads are thrown back, a little on one side, with so much self-consciousness, their eyes at the same moment cast slily right and left, to see who observes and admires them! Ah! this is quite irresistible, and our poor, foolish youngster goes off behind the barn, or into some other out-of-the-way place, and takes the second lesson.
"All this is carefully concealed from the parents, so the tobacco-pupil must go to bed before supper, under pretence of headache. Pretence? It is no sham. He has a racking and splitting headache, with the return of dreadful nausea. In a few weeks, more or less, our youngster has learned to smoke or chew, as the case may be."
|Ed. Note: Neal Dow was founder of the concept of going beyond individual persuasion efforts, due to their ineffectiveness. He initated the concept of banning the product, a concept later acted upon by the nonsmoker movement, examples, Iowa, Tennessee, Michigan.
For inventing the ban-by-law concept, he was quite reviled by pushers, who initiated rioting and other retaliations. A number of websites exist concerning his activities:
As some sites are hostile, they should be read with care.
|Ed. Note: More Examples:
Dr. Jackson (1826)
Dr. Thorn (1845)
Dr. Titus Coan (1850)
Animal Evidence (1860)
Dr. Schroff (1882)
Dwarzak & Heinrich (1891)
Higley & Frech (1916)