(a) contain toxic chemicals,
(b) impair the immune system setting up the body for numerous diseases, by increasing susceptibility,
(c) have a role in leading to other drugs, and
(d) cause abulia and impaired self-defense reflex, leading to committing high-risk behaviors.
"preliminary studies indicate that gay men and lesbians tend to smoke more than their heterosexual counterparts. Several small studies show that smoking rates among gays and lesbians are high and increasing rapidly," says "Tobacco Use and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Populations" (1998).
"smoking rates are higher among adolescent and adult lesbians, gays, and bisexuals than in the general population," says American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2001). For example, "Gay men and lesbians in California are 70 percent more likely to smoke than the general population, according to a recent UCLA study," says "NPR: Anti-Smoking Campaign Targets Gays" (22 July 2003). "The percentage of young gays and lesbians who smoke is nearly double the national average among teens," says "Smoking By Young Gays At 'Alarming' Level" (26 October 2004). "There were consistent patterns of elevated drug use in homosexually experienced individuals for life-time drug use, but these were greatly attenuated for recent use. Homosexually experienced men were more likely to report use of marijuana, cocaine and heroin, and homosexually experienced women more likely to report use of marijuana and analgesics than individuals reporting only opposite-sex partners. Both homosexually active men and women were more likely than exclusively heterosexually active respondents to report at least one symptom indicating dysfunctional drug use across all drug classes, and to meet criteria for marijuana dependence syndrome," say S. D. Cochran SD, D Ackerman, V. M. Mays, and M. W. Ross, "Prevalence of non-medical drug use and dependence among homosexually active men and women in the US population," 99 Addiction (#8) 989-998 (2004). "Overall, homosexually experienced women are more likely than exclusively heterosexually experienced women to currently-smoke and to evidence higher levels of alcohol consumption, both in frequency and quantity," say S.A. Burgard, S. D. Cochran, and V. M. Mays, "Alcohol and tobacco use patterns among heterosexually and homosexually experienced California women," 77 Drug and Alcohol Dependence (#1) 61-70 (2005). "Smoke-filled bars and clubs are common hang outs for some gay men. For this reason, according to the American Cancer Society, gay men are more likely to smoke or be exposed to smoke. A recent gay.com article on gay smoking cites 36 percent of LGBT adults are smokers, compared with 25 percent of all adults. Smoking accelerates the progression of AIDS and increases the risk of lung cancer. HIV also accelerates smoking-induced emphysema," says Ramon Johnson, "Gay Smoking and Cancer: Gays Have Higher Cancer Risk" (2006). And see bibliography at Project Cork of Dartmouth Medical School.
"mutations of cellular genetic structures, deviation of cellular characteristics from their optimal normal state [leading to] a body-wide spectrum of disease,"—R. T. Ravenholt, M.D., M.P.H., writing in 307 New Engl Journal of Med (#5) 312 (29 July 1982).
"Loss of activation of [normality] leads to a variety of immunologic disorders characterized by autoimmunity or immunodeficiency . . . Major immunologic abnormalities result from alterations in the mature T-cell subsets."—Ellis L. Reinherz, M.D. and Stuart F. Schlossman, M.D., "Regulation of the Immune Response--Inducer and Suppressor T-Lymphocyte Subsets in Human Beings," 303 New Engl J of Med 370-373 (14 Aug 1980).
|acetaldehyde (1.4+ mg)||arsenic (500+ ng)||benzo(a)pyrene (.1+ ng)|
|cadmium (1,300+ ng)||crotonaldehyde (.2+ µg)||chromium (1,000+ ng)|
|ethylcarbamate 310+ ng)||formaldehyde (1.6+ µg)||hydrazine (14+ ng)|
|lead (8+ µg)||nickel (2,000+ ng)||radioactive polonium (.2+ Pci).|
|CIGARETTE CHEMICAL||EMISSION AMOUNT||"SPEED LIMIT"|
|acetaldehyde||3,200 ppm||200.0 ppm|
|acrolein||150 ppm||0.5 ppm|
|ammonia||300 ppm||150.0 ppm|
|carbon monoxide||42,000 ppm||100.0 ppm|
|formaldehyde||30 ppm||5.0 ppm|
|hydrogen cyanide||1,600 ppm||10.0 ppm|
|hydrogen sulfide||40 ppm||20.0 ppm|
|methyl chloride||1,200 ppm||100.0 ppm|
|nitrogen dioxide||250 ppm||5.0 ppm|
"any person within the state" from action that "manufactures, sells or gives to anyone, any cigarette containing any ingredient deleterious to health or foreign to tobacco . . . ."
Blacks are 13% of the U.S. population, but have 38% of all AIDS cases; over 60% of those are among black women and children.
See also the www.blackaids.org and www.blackaidsday.org sites.
|“an increasing number of psychologists and psychiatrists” were challenging the analysis
“that homosexuality is a mental disorder [sexual deviation] . . . and, finally [during the regression stage] the American Psychiatric Association voted to drop homsexuality from the official list of mental disorders . . . while on December 14, 1973, homosexuals were considered mentally disordered sexual deviants, on December 15, 1973 [and thereafter, to present], they were no longer so considered.”—James C. Coleman, Ph.D., Abnormal Psychology and Modern Life, 5th ed (Scott, Foresman & Co, 1976), p 590.
See also background on
Residual effects of the benighted era continued through 26 June 2013 when in United States v. Windsor (Docket No. 12-307), the U.S. Supreme Court declared that what had before been known to be a mental disorder, is now a protected constitutional right! Dumbing down even includes Supreme Court judges.
U.S. v Amaral, 488 F2d 1148 (CA 3, 1973) Richardson v Richardson v Richardson-Merrill, Inc, 273 US App DC 32; 857 F2d 823 (1988) Christophersen v Allied-Signal Corp, 939 F2d 1106 (CA 5, 1991) Brock v Merrell J. Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc, 874 F2d 307 (CA 5, 1989) eventually reaching the Supreme Court, Daubert v Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc, 509 US 579; 113 S Ct 2786; 125 L Ed 2d 469 (28 June 1993).
|Advocates of undoing the 1973 decision still seem to overlook the tobacco connection. For example, see this argument: “Homosexuality is not genetic. It is a gender identity disorder. Clincial Psychologist Joseph Nicolosi is an authority on its prevention and treatment. He explains it is not primarily about sex. It is about everything else, including loneliness, rejection, affirmation, identity, relationships, dysfunctional parenting, self-hatred, gender confusion and a search for belonging. Homosexuality is not easily overcome but healing is possible. Check out www.narth.com or www.truthcomesout.com,” The Source Newspaper, p A4 (10 July 2005). Note omission of reference to a tobacco conection.|
|See also the Roman Catholic Church Catechism, sec. 2 chapter. 2 Art. 6 No. 2357 (140-141) which on page 566 states, tradition has always declared that “homosexual acts are intrinsically disordered . . . Under no circumstances can they be approved.” (Source: William Price.)|
|See also "Pentagon Lists Homosexuality As Disorder," by Lolita C. Baldor, Associated Press Writer (20 June 2006). "A Pentagon document classifies homosexuality as a mental disorder . . . . The document outlines retirement or other discharge policies for service members with physical disabilities, and in a section on defects lists homosexuality alongside mental retardation and personality disorders."
The Pentagon came under pressure to revoke this accurate reference, and did so on 29 June 2006.
For additional articles, see, e.g.,
Honorable Jennifer Granholm
Governor, State of Michigan
P. O. Box 30013
Lansing MI 48909-7513
Dear Governor Granholm:
Honorable Michael Cox
Attorney General, State of Michigan
P. O. Box 30213
Lansing MI 48909
Dear Attorney General Cox:
Col. Peter C. Munoz, Director
Department of State Police
714 South Harrison Road
East Lansing MI 48823
Dear Col. Munoz:
|President George W. Bush||U.S. Senator _______||U.S. Representative __||Governor ___||State Senator __||State Representative __|
|1600 Pennsylvania Avenue||Senate Office Building||House Office Building||State Capitol||State Capitol||State Capitol|
|Washington DC 20500||Washington DC 20510||Washington DC 20515||City State Zip||City State Zip||City State Zip|
This is a request that you take action to get a law passed that will serve as an AIDS prevention law. Michigan already has such a law. It is law number MCL § 750.27, MSA § 28.216. It deals with the cigarette link to AIDS.
* * * * *
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