Even the tobacco lobby warns on the subject. See Philip Morris' "Smoking & Health Issues" saying "Philip Morris USA believes that the public should be guided by the conclusions of public health officials regarding the health effects of secondhand smoke."
"Cigar smoking causes cancer of the oral cavity, larynx, esophagus, and lung. It may also cause cancer of the pancreas." Reason: "Cigar smoke has: A higher level of cancer-causing substances . . . More tar . . . A higher level of toxins," says "Cigar Smoking and Cancer" (Cancer.gov, 27 October 2010).
National Cancer Institute
National Institute of
Environmental Health Sciences
"The use of tobacco has long been considered a factor in the incidence of cancer of the buccal cavity . . . Heavy smoking is more common in the cancer group than among the controls," say Lombard & Doering, 198 N Eng J Med 485, 487, supra.
|"The idea that smoking tobacco was deleterious to health and that it could . . . lead to cancer and particularly to cancer of the lip and tongue, was already 200 years old when a few articles were published reporting that patients suffering from cancers of the upper respiratory and digestive tracts, including in particular those suffering from cancer of the lung, were much more likely to have smoked large numbers of cigarettes than patients suffering from other diseases."—Sir Richard Doll, "Smoking and Death Rates," 251 J Am Med Ass'n (#21) 2854-2857 (1 June 1984).
Sir Richard Doll was referring to articles "published before or during the [Second World] war" (1939-1945), meaning the data of which he was aware, went back to the 1730's.
* It is deleterious due to the fire hazard, e.g., Commonwealth v Thompson, 53 Mass 231 (1847); Heard v Flannagan, 10 Vict Law Rep 1 (1884).
* It delivers a drug, Carver v State, 69 Ind 61; 35 Am Rep 205 (1879), Mueller v State, 76 Ind 310; 40 Am Rep 245 (1881), and State v Ohmer, 34 Mo App 115 (1889).
* In 1889, the Michigan Legislature received a report on some cigarette hazards.
* Due to the second-hand smoke aspect, it is deleterious to nonsmokers, State v Heidenhain, 42 La Ann 483; 7 So 621; 21 Am St Rep 388 (1890).
"Professor Bouisson, of France: 'Tobacco . . . is the most common cause of cancer in the mouth.'" (Data on "cancer of the buccal cavity" was found "[in] 1859" in a "well-documented clinical study" by a "French physician," "M. Bouisson," a fact repeated in 1962 by E. C. Hammond, 207 Scientific American (#1) 39-51 (July 1962). Bouisson "suggested that the cancer resulted from irritation of the tissue by tobacco products and heat [an analysis] confirmed repeatedly over the next half-century. . . .")
"Dr. William Hardwicke, coroner for Central Middlesex, England: 'Certain forms of cancer in the lips and tongue are clearly traceable to the use of tobacco.'
"Dr. Charles E. Drysdale, of London: 'Cancer of the lip is rarely seen, except in men who smoke.'
"Professor Lizars, of Edinburgh: 'I have had under my own treatment several cases of ulceration of the lips, tongue, and cheek, some of them incurable, all of which occurred in persons greatly addicted to smoking,'" Lander, supra, p 143.
"One of the first surgeons of New Hampshire said that every person who came to him to be treated for cancer of the lip and tongue were tobacco users," p 175.
"Dr. Anderson of the McAll Mission, member of the Royal College of Surgeons, England: 'All the cases of cancer of the mouth that I have come across, and they are pretty numerous, have been started by the pipe, cigar, or cigarette . . . ," p 363.
|"for any person, firm, or corporation to sell, offer to sell, or to bring into the state for the purpose of selling, giving away, or otherwise disposing of, any cigarettes, cigarette paper, or substitute for the same."|
|". . . cigarettes . . . are . . . wholly noxious and deleterious to health. Their use is always harmful, never beneficial. They . . . are inherently bad, and bad only . . . widely condemned as pernicious altogether . . . impairment of physical health and mental vigor. . . ." Austin v State, 101 Tenn 563, 566-567; 48 SW 305, 306; 70 Am St Rep 703 (1898).|
|Exec Order 1992-3||Law Support Letter # 1||Anti-Cigarette Smuggling Finding||Law Support Letter # 2||Governor's Overview|
|Cigarettes' Toxic Chemicals||Coumarin||Medical Statistics|
ASH site on smoking and increased stomach cancer ACS site on smoking and cervical cancer ("Women who smoke are about twice as likely as non-smokers to get cervical cancer. Smoking exposes the body to many cancer-causing chemicals that affect more than the lungs").
According to the Rhode Island State Attorney General Web Site, "A $15,000 fine was paid to the Department of Attorney General by United States Tobacco Company (UST). The fine is part of the settlement with the AG for making misleading claims about the lack of scientific facts to establish smokeless tobacco to be a cause of oral cancer. The comments, a violation of the Consent Decree and Final Judgement between the State of Rhode Island and the Tobacco Companies, were made by a UST spokesperson to the Providence Journal in an article published April 7, 1999."
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